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BACKGROUND Neurotensin (NT), a neuroendocrine peptide, exerts trophic effects in vivo and stimulates growth of some tumor cells in vitro. Androgen-sensitive prostate cells derived from lymph node carcinoma of the prostate (LNCaP) secrete NT and exhibit growth responses to NT. This study examines NT secretion, NT receptor and NT-growth responses in(More)
The authors had previously shown that the subcutaneous administration of cyclosporine (CsA) resulted in an impairment of spermatogenesis. Testosterone levels declined and gonadotropin levels increased, suggesting that CsA primarily affects the synthesis and secretion of testosterone. In this study, the authors attempted to determine whether the exogenous(More)
Studies have described the protective role of vitamin C (ascorbic acid) in certain types of cancer. In this study, we report the effects of vitamin C treatment of two androgen independent prostate cancer cell lines from human (PC3) and rat (Mat-Ly-Lu or MLL) sources. In vitro treatment of PC3 and MLL with sodium ascorbate acid (0-10 mM) resulted in a(More)
In order to find out the short term effects of cis-platinum treatment on reproductive function of the treated male rats and their progeny, sexually mature male Sprague-Dawley rats were given a single intra-peritoneal injection of either saline or cis-platinum (2, 4, 8 mg./kg.body wt.). One week following the treatment, the animals were mated with proestrus(More)
Studies in the streptozotocin rat model for diabetes mellitus suggest that sexual dysfunction in these animals may result from diabetes-induced alterations of the neuroendocrine-reproductive tract axis. Our investigation was performed to better define the effects of diabetes on the neuroendocrine sex accessory organ axis in the male rat. Rats were rendered(More)
Vitamin C dietary deficiency in guinea pigs markedly affected the androgen-sensitive parameters of the reproductive tissues--testis, epididymis, vas deferens, and accessory sex glands--and caused an "androgen-deprived effect" in these target organs. This in turn altered their internal milieu and caused changes in their metal ion profile and the morphology,(More)
PURPOSE Studies suggest that alteration in steroid hormone levels may be one of the factors causing nonbacterial prostatitis (NBP) in rats. We hypothesized that hormonally induced prostatitis in the rat may be an autoimmune disease. Studies were carried out to prove this hypothesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS We injected 17 beta-estradiol (E2; 250(More)
We examined the effects of the immunosuppressive drug cyclosporine A on male reproduction in sexually mature rats. The drug was administered subcutaneously in 3 doses (10, 20 and 40 mg. per kg. daily) for 14 days. Cyclosporine A administration resulted in a dose-dependent decline in body and reproductive organ weights, histology of the testis showed(More)
The effect of sialoadenectomy (Sx) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) administration on testicular function was investigated in 8-week old C3H mice. Animals were divided initially into three groups: sham operated controls, Sx, and Sx + EGF treated (100 micrograms./kg./day subcutaneously for 28 days). Sialoadenectomy completely depleted the circulating levels(More)
Administration of cyclosporine to rats has been shown to impair testicular function, resulting in a decrease in sperm counts and fertility. In order to determine whether or not the deleterious effects of CsA could be reversed by hormonal therapy, mature male Sprague Dawley rats were treated with CsA (40 mg/kg/day, s.c.) alone or in combination with human(More)