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We have previously described a temperature-sensitive pmi40-1 mutant of Saccharomyces cerevisiae which is defective in glycosylation and secretion because of a thermolabile phosphomannose isomerase (PMI) activity. Inactivation of PMI at the restrictive temperature of 37 degrees C prevents synthesis of the GDP-mannose and dolichol-phosphate-mannose required(More)
Seven temperature-sensitive cell lysis (cly) mutant strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae were isolated which lyse at the restrictive temperature on hypotonic but not on osmotically supported medium. The seven mutants fell into four complementation groups, CLY12 to CLY15. The wild-type CLY15 gene was isolated by complementation of the cly15(More)
Cryptococcus neoformans is an opportunistic fungal pathogen that synthesizes and catabolizes inositol. This study demonstrates inositol synthesis from glucose-6-phosphate via inositol-1-phosphate synthase and catabolism to glucuronic acid via inositol oxygenase in this organism. These inositol synthetic and catabolic pathways are regulated in opposition;(More)
The structural gene (CHO1) for phosphatidylserine synthase (CDPdiacylglycerol:L-serine O-phosphatidyltransferase, EC 2.7.8.8) was isolated by genetic complementation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae from a bank of yeast genomic DNA on a chimeric plasmid. The cloned DNA (4.0 kilobases long) was shown to represent a unique sequence in the yeast genome. The DNA(More)
Phospholipid metabolism in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae opi1 mutant, which excretes inositol and is constitutive for the biosynthetic enzyme inositol-1-phosphate synthase (M. Greenberg, P. Goldwasser, and S. Henry, Mol. Gen. Genet. 186:157-163, 1982), was examined and compared to that of a wild-type strain. In wild-type S. cerevisiae, the phospholipid(More)
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae gene, INO1 , encoding the highly regulated enzyme, myo-inositol-1-phosphate synthase [1L-myo-inositol-1-phosphate lyase (isomerizing), EC 5.5.1.4], was isolated by genetic complementation. The cloned sequence was shown to complement two independent IN01 alleles ( ino1 -5 and ino1 -13). One of these mutants ( ino1 -5) fails to(More)
A Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutant (cdg1 mutation) was isolated on the basis of an inositol excretion phenotype and exhibited pleiotropic deficiencies in phospholipid biosynthesis. Genetic analysis of the mutant confirmed that the cdg1 mutation represents a new genetic locus and that a defect in a single gene was responsible for the Cdg1 phenotype.(More)
Phospholipid metabolism in the pathogenic fungus Candida albicans was examined. The phospholipid biosynthetic pathways of C. albicans were elucidated and were shown to be similar to those of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. However, marked differences were seen between these two fungi in the regulation of the pathways in response to exogenously provided precursors(More)
Interaction of the Escherichia coli trp repressor with the promoter-operator regions of the trp, aroH and trpR operons was studied in vivo and in vitro. The three operators have similar, but non-identical, sequences; each operator is located in a different segment of its respective promoter. In vivo repression of the three operons was measured using(More)
A temperature-sensitive mutant of Saccharomyces cerevisiae was identified which at the restrictive temperature of 37 degrees C is unable to secrete a number of cell wall-associated proteins and thus resembles previously reported sec mutants. In contrast to other sec mutants, however, both the temperature-sensitive growth and the secretion defects can be(More)