L S Gontovnick

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We have examined the effect of recent onset diabetes on several aspects of hepatic microsomal metabolism in both streptozotocin (STZ)-induced and spontaneously diabetic BioBreeding (BB) male and female Wistar rats. Differential alterations of the diabetic state on hepatic microsomal enzyme activities were observed. Female diabetic rats exhibited no change(More)
Formoterol fumarate is a new, high-affinity, beta 2-adrenergic receptor agonist that causes bronchodilation for at least 12 h. The purpose of this study was to compare the magnitude and duration of the effect of inhalation of formoterol (12 and 24 micrograms), albuterol (200 micrograms), and placebo in terms of protection against methacholine-induced(More)
The duration of effect of inhaled formoterol (24 micrograms) was compared with that of a placebo and that of inhaled albuterol (200 micrograms) in 12 adult asthmatic subjects who underwent hyperventilation tests with cold dry air (-20 degrees C) on 4 study days. On the control day, they were subjected to four hyperventilation tests to ensure functional(More)
Formoterol is a new long-acting beta 2-agonist. We compared the protective effect of 24 micrograms formoterol with 200 micrograms beclomethasone and placebo on inhaled allergen-induced asthmatic responses in mild stable asthmatic subjects. We measured airflow rates, histamine airway responsiveness, cell counts from sputum and peripheral blood, and markers(More)
The role of oxygen radicals in causing ozone-induced airway hyperresponsiveness in dogs was examined by pretreating dogs with allopurinol and/or deferoxamine mesylate (desferal), which are inhibitors of oxygen radical generation, before ozone inhalation. Acetylcholine airway responsiveness was measured before and after either air or ozone inhalation (3 ppm(More)
Methadone . HCl given in the drinking water for 4 weeks increased microsomal epoxide hydratase activity in the liver of adult male Wistar rats, with no change in aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity. In contrast, in female rats it raised aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase with no change in epoxide hydratase activity. Gonadectomy altered the effect of methadone(More)
The inhibition of hepatic microsomal aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH) activity by SKF 525-A in vitro was studied in hepatic microsomes from rats of varying age, sex hormone status, and drug treatment. The concentration of SKF 525-A required to produce a 50% inhibition of AHH activity, the IC50, was determined for the various microsomal preparations.(More)
Compounds that are known to increase the hepatic microsomal cytochrome P-450 dependent monooxygenases were administered to adult female rats, alone or in combination, to determine whether their effects on certain substrate oxidations were additive. 3-Methylcholanthrene (3-MC) and pregnenolone-16 alpha-carbonitrile (PCN), known to induce different forms of(More)