L. Rousseau

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Three-dimensional electrode geometries were proposed to increase the spatial resolution in retinal prostheses aiming at restoring vision in blind patients. We report here the results from a study in which finite-element modeling was used to design and optimize three-dimensional electrode geometries. Proposed implants exhibit an array of well-like shapes(More)
Two retinal implants have recently received the CE mark and one has obtained FDA approval for the restoration of useful vision in blind patients. Since the spatial resolution of current vision prostheses is not sufficient for most patients to detect faces or perform activities of daily living, more electrodes with less crosstalk are needed to transfer(More)
The electrode material is a key element in the design of long-term neural implants and neuroprostheses. To date, the ideal electrode material offering high longevity, biocompatibility, low-noise recording and high stimulation capabilities remains to be found. We show that 3D-nanostructured boron doped diamond (BDD), an innovative material consisting in a(More)
Microelectrode arrays (MEAs) are appealing tools to probe large neural ensembles and build neural prostheses. Microelectronics microfabrication technologies now allow building high-density MEAs containing several hundreds of microelectrodes. However, several major problems become limiting factors when the size of the microelectrodes decreases. In(More)
Microelectrode arrays (MEAs) offer a powerful tool to both record activity and deliver electrical microstimulations to neural networks either in vitro or in vivo. Microelectronics microfabrication technologies now allow building high-density MEAs containing several hundreds of microelectrodes. However, dense arrays of 3D micro-needle electrodes, providing(More)
In order to understand the dynamics of large neural networks, where information is widely distributed over thousands of cells, one of today's challenges is to successfully record the simultaneous activities of as many neurons as possible. This is made possible by using microelectrodes arrays (MEAs) positioned in contact with the neural tissue. Thanks to(More)
We report on the fabrication and characterization of an 8 × 8 multichannel Boron Doped Diamond (BDD) ultramicro-electrode array (UMEA). The device combines both the assets of microelectrodes, resulting from conditions in mass transport from the bulk solution toward the electrode, and of BDD's remarkable intrinsic electrochemical properties. The UMEAs were(More)
Penetrating neural probes are considered for neuroprosthetic devices to restore sensory or motor functions of the CNS using electrical neural microstimulation. These multielectrode systems require optimal electrode configurations to allow precise and focused tissue activation. Combining a finite element model of the spinal cord and compartmentalized models(More)
Odorant binding proteins (OBPs) are small soluble proteins found in olfactory systems that are capable of binding several types of odorant molecules. Cantilevers based on polycrystalline diamond surfaces are very promising as chemical transducers. Here two methods were investigated for chemically grafting porcine OBPs on polycrystalline diamond surfaces for(More)