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OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to identify characteristics that may predict failure of glyburide therapy for the management of A2 gestational diabetes, and to evaluate whether those that fail are at increased risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes. STUDY DESIGN This was a retrospective cohort of gestational diabetics requiring medical therapy (A2DM)(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the outcomes of patients with twin reversed arterial perfusion (TRAP) sequence in which the acardiac twin was <or=50% the weight of the pump twin. METHODS This was a retrospective study conducted with institutional review board approval. The records of all patients referred to UCSF for suspected diagnosis of TRAP between 1994 and 2009(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of prenatal steroid treatment in fetuses with sonographically diagnosed congenital cystic adenomatoid malformations (CCAMs). METHODS This was an institutional review board-approved retrospective review of 372 patients referred to the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), for fetal(More)
OBJECT The Management of Myelomeningocele Study (MOMS) was a multicenter randomized trial comparing the safety and efficacy of prenatal and postnatal closure of myelomeningocele. The trial was stopped early because of the demonstrated efficacy of prenatal surgery, and outcomes on 158 of 183 pregnancies were reported. Here, the authors update the 1-year(More)
We sought to determine the frequency of postpartum follow-up for women diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus. A retrospective cohort study of women with gestational diabetes mellitus from 2002 to 2008 ( N = 745) at an academic center was conducted. The primary outcome was either fasting blood glucose or 2-hour oral glucose tolerance, both measured at(More)
Post-term pregnancy (longer than 42 weeks or 294 days) occurs in approximately 10% of all singleton gestations. The adverse outcomes of post-term pregnancy include a substantial increase in perinatal mortality and morbidity. ACOG currently recommends induction of labor for low-risk pregnancy during the 43rd week of gestation. However, that recommendation(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Bidirectional trafficking of cells between the mother and the fetus is routine in pregnancy and a component of maternal-fetal tolerance. Changes in fetal-to-maternal cellular trafficking have been reported in prenatal complications, but maternal-to-fetal trafficking has never been studied in the context of fetal intervention. We(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Congenital high airway obstructive syndrome (CHAOS) is a rare and devastating condition that is uniformly fatal without fetal intervention. We sought to describe fetal treatment and long-term outcomes of CHAOS at a single referral center. METHODS The medical records of patients with fetal CHAOS evaluated at our center between 1993 and(More)
Biologically inert elastomers such as silicone are favorable materials for medical device fabrication, but forming and curing these elastomers using traditional liquid injection molding processes can be an expensive process due to tooling and equipment costs. As a result, it has traditionally been impractical to use liquid injection molding for low-cost,(More)
  • L I Rand
  • The American journal of medicine
  • 1991
With the exception of panretinal laser photocoagulation, no therapy has been shown to modify the course of diabetic retinopathy. Success in developing new therapies for diabetic retinopathy will depend on how well the disease process is understood and on whether interventions can be identified that ameliorate or circumvent critical stages in the development(More)