L R Paborsky

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9-(2-Phosphonylmethoxyethyl)-N6-cyclopropyl-2,6-diaminopurine (cpr-PMEDAP) is an acyclic nucleotide analog of the [9-(2-phosphonylmethoxyethyl)-] (PME) series containing a cyclopropyl substituent on the N6 position of the 2,6-diaminopurine (DAP) base. Growth inhibition assays in a broad range of tumor cell lines demonstrated that this analog had potent(More)
Previous alanine scanning mutagenesis of thrombin revealed that substitution of residues W50, K52, E229, and R233 (W60d, K60f, E217, and R221 in chymotrypsinogen numbering) with alanine altered the substrate specificity of thrombin to favor the anticoagulant substrate protein C. Saturation mutagenesis, in which residues W50, K52, E229, and R233 were each(More)
A new class of thrombin inhibitors based on sequence-specific single-stranded DNA oligonucleotides (thrombin aptamer) has recently been identified. The aptamer-binding site on thrombin was examined by a solid-phase plate binding assay and by chemical modification. Binding assay results demonstrated that the thrombin aptamer bound specifically to(More)
We have studied the binding of radioiodinated human factor VII and its activated form, factor VIIa, to monolayers of a human bladder carcinoma cell line (J82) that expresses functional cell surface tissue factor. The binding of factors VII and VIIa to these cells was found to be time-, temperature-, and calcium-dependent. In addition, the binding of each(More)
PMEG (9-(2-phosphonylmethoxyethyl)guanine) is an acyclic nucleotide analog being evaluated for its anti-proliferative activity. We examined the inhibitory effects of PMEG diphosphate (PMEGpp) toward DNA polymerases (pol) delta and epsilon and found it to be a competitive inhibitor of both these enzymes. The apparent Ki values for PMEGpp were 3-4 times lower(More)
Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) is thought to result from chronic, cell-mediated, autoimmune islet damage. Our aim was to identify the earliest T-cell autoantigen in IDDM, reasoning that this antigen could be causally involved in the initiation of the disease. Identification of the earliest beta-cell-specific autoantigen is extremely important in(More)
Protein purification has been made significantly easier by the use of affinity tags that can be genetically engineered at either the amino- or carboxyl-terminus of recombinant proteins. One of the most widely used tags is six consecutive histidine residues or 6His tag. These residues bind with high affinity to metal ions immobilized on chelating resins even(More)
Tissue factor (TF) is a 263 amino acid membrane-bound procoagulant protein that serves as a cofactor for the serine protease factor VII (fVII). Recombinant human TF (rTF) produced in both human kidney 293 cells and Escherichia coli has been immunoaffinity purified by using a TF-specific monoclonal antibody. Recombinant TF produced in 293 cells is(More)
Full-length tissue factor (263 rTF) and three truncated forms have been expressed in human kidney 293 cells; 1) 243 rTF, which lacks the cytoplasmic tail, is fully functional in the chromogenic assay and has a specific activity comparable with that of the full-length molecule, 263 rTF; 2) 219 rTF, which lacks both the transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains,(More)
Tissue factor (TF) is a membrane-bound glycoprotein that functions as a cofactor for coagulation factor VIIa (VIIa) and initiates blood coagulation at sites of vascular injury. On the basis of sequence alignments, TF was predicted to be a member of the cytokine receptor superfamily. Utilizing the structural information available for the cytokine receptor(More)