L R Engelking

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Previous studies demonstrated that plasma clearance of organic anions such as bilirubin, bile acid, sulfobromophthalein (BSP) and indocyanine green (ICG), was reduced from 36% (bile acid) to 55% (ICG) in fasted (3 days) horses. It is believed that a general decline in carrier-mediated hepatic uptake may have accounted for those changes. However, fasting may(More)
The pharmacokinetics of dantrolene sodium were investigated in horses following both intravenous (2 mg/kg) and intragastric (4 mg/kg) administration. Two ponies also received dantrolene sodium intravenously (2 mg/kg) in a pilot study to obtain preliminary kinetic data and to determine urinary and biliary excretion of the intact drug. Distribution and(More)
The objective of this study was to document, through comprehensive means, normal distribution and concentration of catecholamines in various regions of the CNS of pigs, an increasingly popular animal model used for transgenic manipulation of neural genes. The effects of gonadal steroidal status on this distribution were also assessed by comparing CNS(More)
Glucagon and dibutyryl cyclic AMP (Bt2cAMP) stimulate Na+/taurocholate (TC) cotransport and increase the intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) of hepatocytes. Whether the effect of cAMP is mediated via increases in [Ca2+]i, cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA), and/or protein kinase C (PKC) was investigated in this study. TC uptake and [Ca2+]i were(More)
Active secretion of electrolytes by hepatocytes is believed to be responsible for bile acid-independent canalicular bile flow (BAICF). Theophylline, which enhances BAICF, has been shown to enhance electrogenic Cl- secretion in a number of other epithelia. Such transport is dependent on Na+ and Cl-. Thus, the mechanism of theophylline choleresis may also(More)
The endocrine pancreas is composed of nests of cells called the islets of Langerhans, which comprise only about 20% of pancreatic cell mass and secrete insulin, glucagon, somatostatin, and pancreatic polypeptide. Insulin is anabolic, increasing storage of glucose, fatty acids and amino acids, while glucagon namely stimulates hepatic glycogenolysis,(More)
Effects of bile acids on cystolic Ca++ activity and cell viability of isolated rat hepatocytes were studied to test the hypothesis that bile acids may produce hepatotoxicity by increasing cystolic Ca++ activity. Changes in cystolic Ca++ activity were calculated from time-dependent changes in fluorescence of quin-2 loaded hepatocytes. Release of lactate(More)
Effects of acute exposure (2 h) to either 1.5% halothane or 0.5% methoxyflurane on chemical mediators of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis were evaluated in male Sprague-Dawley rats immediately after exposure, after the righting reflex (4 h), or 24 h postexposure. Effects of these anesthetics on hippocampal corticotropin releasing factor (CRF)(More)
Plasma bile acid concentration was determined in normal dogs,sheep, calves and ponies for three days before and six days after liver damage, induced by carbon tetrachloride. In all species, a significant increase in plasma bile acid concentration was associated with a concomitant significant increase in plasma sorbitol dehydrogenase and transferase(More)
Bile acid pool size and synthesis rate were determined by both isotope-dilution and washout methods in ponies with chronic external biliary fistulas. Bile acid pool size (10.9 mumol/kg) and synthesis rate (11.2 mumol/day per kg) estimated by the isotope-dilution method did not differ significantly from pool size (9.4 mumol/kg) and synthesis rate (9.5(More)