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Over the past ten years, nurses have shown increasing interest in understanding and assisting men in their transition to fatherhood. Inadequate data and lack of a framework for interpreting diverse studies have hindered the development of appropriate intervention strategies. In this article, a paradigm from the field of stress research is adapted to the(More)
Changes in the content and structure of social relationships following the birth of the first child were studied with a nonprobability sample of primiparous couples. Differences between men and women were examined regarding changes in network structure, need for support, satisfaction with available support, access to support from network members, and stress(More)
During this time when the walls that divide inpatient, outpatient, primary, tertiary, and community care are coming down, society should expect that the nursing profession will prepare and regulate advanced nursing practice for the good of patient care and society as a whole. To do so, schools with clinical practice graduate programs must create a(More)
This pilot study was designed to test an instrument measuring mothers' perceptions of the quality of the back-transfer experience from a neonatal intensive care unit in a tertiary medical center to a community hospital. Forty-one mothers completed a questionnaire that contained the 24-item NICU/Community Hospital Transfer Quality Scale, a 1-item measure of(More)
Breastfeeding outcomes of 121 primiparas enrolled in a larger study were examined to determine the impact of cesarean delivery on time of first breastfeeding. Mothers giving birth by cesarean had a later first breastfeeding and expressed less satisfaction with the birth experience than did those who delivered vaginally. No relationships were found between(More)
Most researchers have examined the effects of stress and social support on pregnancy outcomes without identifying the relationship between social support and social network factors. While the type and amount of support have been shown to be related to pregnancy outcomes, the sources of that support and the influence of network structure on a person's(More)
A prospective study of breast-feeding mothers was undertaken to determine the effects of limited bottle use and infant temperament on breast-feeding outcomes. White, married, primigravida women who were committed prenatally to breast-feeding for at least 6 weeks (n = 121) were randomly assigned to one of two groups: a planned bottle group that would offer(More)
Breastfeeding problems, outcomes, and satisfaction of married, well-educated first-time mothers who returned to work within six months postpartum were compared to those of mothers with the same characteristics who stayed at home. Mothers who planned to work after giving birth anticipated and experienced shorter durations of breastfeeding than did those who(More)