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Immunohistochemistry and single-cell RT-PCR were used to characterize the localization of huntingtin and/or its mRNA in the major types of striatal neurons and in corticostriatal projection neurons in rats. Single-label immunohistochemical studies revealed that striatum contains scattered large neurons rich in huntingtin and more numerous medium-sized(More)
Mutations of the myelin proteolipid protein gene (Plp) are associated with excessive programmed cell death (PCD) of oligodendrocytes. We show for the first time that PLP is a molecule ubiquitously expressed in non-neural tissues during normal development, and that the level of native PLP modulates the level of PCD. We analyze three non-neural tissues, and(More)
The PvuII restriction-modification system is a type II system, which means that its restriction endonuclease and modification methyltransferase are independently active proteins. The PvuII system is carried on a plasmid, and its movement into a new host cell is expected to be followed initially by expression of the methyltransferase gene alone so that the(More)
A complete genomic DNA library was prepared from a Chinese hamster-human cell hybrid that contains human chromosome 5 as its only human DNA. Unique or low-copy DNA fragments, isolated form recombinant bacteriophage that contained human DNA inserts, were regionally mapped on chromosome 5 using Southern blot analysis of genomic DNA from a series of hybrid(More)
Counterselection against genes on human chromosome 5 was applied to interspecific human-Chinese hamster cell hybrids which retained this and one additional human chromosome in order to generate cell hybrids retaining single, nonselected human chromosomes. Using this procedure, stable cell hybrids which retain human chromosome 3 exclusively or human(More)
Somatic cell hybrids were selected that retain a derivative chromosome 5 from an individual in which the p15.1-pter segment of chromosome 5 is replaced with the p15.1-pter segment of chromosome 4. Hybrids that retain this derivative chromosome exclusively were found to be positive for G8, a DNA marker closely linked to the Huntington disease gene on(More)
The expression of plasma membrane Ca2+ pump (PMCA) is regulated by various hormones or agonists via multiple second messenger pathways. Two different 5' segments of the PMCA1 gene (isoform 1) were cloned from a mouse genomic library. While one segment contained the 3' end of intron 1 and exon 2, the other segment was found to encompass the 5'-flanking(More)
Physical mapping and genetic linkage studies have positioned the Huntington disease (HD) gene to a relatively large genomic region in the distal portion of the short arm of human chromosome 4 (4p16.3). To estimate the number of genes present in this region and to identify candidate disease genes, several clones that map to the 4p16.3 segment have been(More)
Regulation of the plasma membrane Ca2+ pump in the cell is of critical importance in maintaining calcium homeostasis. Since protein kinase C is known to regulate functions of cellular proteins by direct phosphorylation or by inducing their gene expression, we investigated the possible involvement of protein kinase C in the regulation of the plasma membrane(More)
Proteolipid protein (PLP) and its alternatively spliced isoform, DM20, are the main intrinsic membrane proteins of compact myelin in the CNS. PLP and DM20 are also expressed by Schwann cells, the myelin-forming cells in the PNS, and are necessary for normal PNS function in humans. We have investigated the expression of PLP in the PNS by examining transgenic(More)