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To clarify the impact of vigorous physical training on in vivo insulin action and glucose metabolism independent of the intervening effects of concomitant changes in body weight and composition and residual effects of an acute exercise session, 10 lean, 10 obese, and 6 diet-controlled type II diabetic men trained for 12 wk on a cycle ergometer 4 h/wk at(More)
Controversy regarding defective thermic effect of food (TEF) in obesity might be related to differences among studies in the caloric loads. To clarify further the role of blunted thermogenesis in obesity, responses to the same absolute caloric load (720 kcal) and a relative load, which was 35% of each subject's resting metabolic rate (RMR), were compared in(More)
A classifier for predicting the character accuracy achieved by any Optical Character Recognition (OCR) system on a given page is presented. This classifier is based on measuring the amount of white speckle, the amount of character fragments, and overall size information in the page. No output from the OCR system is used. The given page is classified as(More)
Automatic form validation enables telecommunication carriers to process incoming service order requests more effectively. Validation rules, however, can be nontrivial to test and ultimately depend on the carrier's internal software systems. Traditionally, these validation checks are spread throughout an application's source code, which makes maintaining and(More)
To determine the independent impact of physical training on postprandial thermogenesis at rest and after 1 hour of cycling at 100 W, 10 lean (15% +/- 1% body fat), 10 obese (33% +/- 2% fat), and six obese diet-controlled, type II diabetic men (34% +/- 4% fat) underwent 12 weeks of vigorous cycle ergometer training (4 h/wk at approximately 70% of maximum(More)