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Two major isoforms of the cell adhesion molecule neurofascin NF186 and NF155 are expressed in the central nervous system (CNS). We have investigated their roles in the assembly of the node of Ranvier and show that they are targeted to distinct domains at the node. At the onset of myelination, NF186 is restricted to neurons, whereas NF155 localizes to(More)
The myelin basic proteins (MBPs) are a set of membrane proteins that function to adhere the cytoplasmic leaflets of the myelin bilayer. During oligodendrocyte maturation prior to compact myelin formation, however, certain MBPs have been observed within the cell body and nucleus. We explored the parameters of the translocation of the exon II-containing MBPs(More)
The myelin-associated glycoproteins (MAG) are members of the immunoglobulin gene superfamily that function in the cell interactions of myelinating glial cells with axons. In this paper, we have characterized the structural features of these proteins. The disposition of MAG in the bilayer as a type 1 integral membrane protein (with an extracellularly(More)
Neurofascin-155 (NF155) and caspr are transmembrane proteins found at discrete locations early during development of the nervous system. NF155 is present in the oligodendrocyte cell body and processes, whereas caspr is on the axonal surface. In mature nerves, these proteins are clustered at paranodes, flanking the node of Ranvier. To understand how NF155(More)
On axonal surfaces that flank the node of Ranvier and in overlying glial paranodal loops, proteins are arranged within circumscribed microdomains that defy explanation by conventional biosynthetic mechanisms. We postulate that the constraint of proteins to these loci is accomplished in part by discriminative membrane-embedded molecular sieves and diffusion(More)
The myelin-associated glycoproteins (MAG) mediate the cell interactions of oligodendrocytes and Schwann cells with axons that are myelinated. MAG exists in two developmentally regulated isoforms: large MAG (L-MAG) and small MAG (S-MAG). In this paper, we have studied the tissue-specific and developmentally regulated alternative splicing of these isoforms(More)
Nodes of Ranvier are regularly placed, nonmyelinated axon segments along myelinated nerves. Here we show that nodal membranes isolated from the central nervous system (CNS) of mammals restricted neurite outgrowth of cultured neurons. Proteomic analysis of these membranes revealed several inhibitors of neurite outgrowth, including the oligodendrocyte myelin(More)
Quaking viable (qk(v)) mice fail to properly compact myelin in their central nervous systems. Although the defect in the qk(v) mice involves a mutation affecting the expression of the alternatively spliced qk gene products, their roles in myelination are unknown. We show that the QKI RNA binding proteins regulate the nuclear export of MBP mRNAs. Disruption(More)
The p38 MAPKs are a family of kinases that regulate a number of cellular functions including cell migration, proliferation, and differentiation. Here, we report that p38 regulates oligodendrocyte differentiation. Inhibition of p38 with PD169316 and SB203580 prevented accumulation of protein and mRNA of cell-stage specific markers characteristic of(More)
The evolutionary origin of myelinating cells in the vertebrate nervous system remains a mystery. A clear delineation of the developmental potentialities of neuronal support cells in the CNS and PNS might aid in formulating a hypothesis about the origins of myelinating cells. Although a glial-precursor cell in the CNS can differentiate into oligodendrocytes(More)