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BACKGROUND Deficits in motor functioning, including walking, and in cognitive functions, including attention, are known to be prevalent in multiple sclerosis (MS), though little attention has been paid to how impairments in these areas of functioning interact. OBJECTIVES This study investigated the effects of performing a concurrent cognitive task when(More)
Chronic whiplash is a debilitating condition characterized by increased sensitivity to painful stimuli, maladaptive illness beliefs, inappropriate attitudes, and movement dysfunctions. Previous work in people with chronic low back pain and chronic fatigue syndrome indicates that pain neurophysiology education is able to improve illness beliefs and attitudes(More)
The aim of the study was to establish the test-retest reliability, clinical significance and precision of four mobility and balance measures - the Timed 25-Foot Walk, Six-minute Walk, Timed Up and Go and the Berg Balance Scale - in individuals moderately affected by multiple sclerosis. Twenty four participants with multiple sclerosis (Extended Disability(More)
Patients with the chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) complain consistently of delay in recovery of peripheral muscle function after exercise. The purpose of this study was to try to confirm this observation. A fatiguing exercise test was carried out on the quadriceps muscle group of ten patients and ten control subjects. The test consisted of 18 maximum(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of creatine (Cr) supplementation on force generation during an isometric bench-press in resistance-trained men. METHODS 32 resistance-trained men were matched for peak isometric force and assigned in double-blind fashion to either a Cr or placebo group. Subjects performed an isometric(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effectiveness of whole body vibration (WBV) on tone, muscle force, sensation and functional performance in people with multiple sclerosis. DESIGN A randomized cross-over pilot study. SETTING Revive MS Support Therapy Centre. Glasgow, UK. SUBJECTS Sixteen people with multiple sclerosis were randomly allocated to one of two(More)
Controversy regarding the aetiology and treatment of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome continues among the medical professions. The Cochrane Collaboration advises practitioners to implement graded exercise therapy for patients with chronic fatigue syndrome using cognitive behavioural principles. Conversely, there is evidence that exercise can(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the oxygen cost of gait and measure physical activity profiles, including time spent sedentary, in people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and matched controls. METHOD We recruited 19 people with RA and 19 controls matched for age, sex, and body mass index (BMI). Demographic details and clinical characteristics of the RA population(More)
An increasing number of studies have examined how the immune system of patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS), or myalgic encephalomyelitis, responds to exercise. The objective of the present study was to systematically review the scientific literature addressing exercise-induced immunological changes in CFS patients compared to healthy control(More)
BACKGROUND Older people with diabetes mellitus (DM) may be at high risk of falling because of general risk factors for falls as well as disease-specific factors. AIMS To determine the prevalence of falls and to investigate lower-limb factors for falls in older people with DM. Methods Sixty patients with DM over 55 years of age were recruited. 'Fallers'(More)