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Germline mutations of the hMSH2 gene are responsible for many cases of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer. While screening for hMSH2 gene mutations in hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer kindreds, we observed that a previously reported germline mutation is in fact a common, alternatively spliced variant in the population. Using RT-PCR and the(More)
The synovial fluid or group II secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) has been implicated in various inflammatory processes and has been shown to release arachidonic acid for prostaglandin biosynthesis. In human colorectal cancer, both arachidonic acid and eicosanoid levels are elevated. Recently, sPLA2 has been identified as a candidate gene that modifies the(More)
Recent characterization of the molecular genetic basis of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer provides an important opportunity for identification of individuals and their families with germline mutations in mismatch repair genes. Cancer family history criteria that accurately define hereditary colorectal cancer are necessary for cost-effective(More)
Germline mutations of the tumor suppressor gene APC cause familial adenomatous polyposis. Somatic APC alterations are involved in several sporadic neoplasms, including colorectal, duodenal, gastric, and esophageal carcinoma. The APC mRNA is encoded by 15 exons. Additional transcripts have been reported, due to alternative splicing of coding as well as(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to assess the benefits and risks of conscious sedation with midazolam and dezocine in diagnostic flexible bronchoscopy (FB). PATIENTS AND METHODS This prospective case control study enrolled 40 non-sedated and 40 sedated subjects who underwent diagnostic FB. All received the standard upper airway preparation, while sedated(More)
Here we study the dynamic properties of EUV spicules seen at the solar limb. The selected data were obtained as time series in polar coronal holes by SUMER/SoHO. The short exposure time and the almost fixed position of the spectrometer's slit allow the analysis of spicule properties such as occurrence, lifetime and Doppler velocity. Our data reveal that(More)
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