L. N. Markevich

Learn More
Lipid contents were studied in tissue and nuclei isolated from neurons and glia of neocortex of rats under conditions of normothermia and in the state of artificial hypobiosis caused by hypothermia-hypoxia-hypercapnia. Compared to the neocortex tissue, both nuclear fractions were fivefold impoverished in phospholipids and cholesterol and strongly enriched(More)
It has been shown that acute gamma-irradiation of rats with 100 Gy and 270 Gy doses when the lipid synthesis in the liver is activated, produces changes in the lipid content in liver cell organelles. The amount of cholesterol and its esters in the microsomal fraction increases after 100 Gy but decreases after 270 Gy irradiation, the phospholipid content(More)
Synthesis of lipids was studied in isolated nuclei from rat thymus and liver cells. On incubation of the isolated nuclei with [2-14C]acetate and [1-14C]glycerol, the label was intensively incorporated into phospholipids and with a significantly lower intensity into fatty acids and cholesterol. Only trace amounts of radioactivity were detected in the lipids(More)
The data on nuclear and chromatin lipid metabolism are reviewed. The amount of neutral lipids and phospholipids in nuclei of rat thymus, liver and neocortex neuron as well as the amount of lipids in rat thymus and liver chromatin are described. The metabolic responses of nuclear and chromatin lipids from thymus to different doses and dose rates of(More)
The effect of a local exposure of rat heads to X-ray radiation at a dose of 200 Gy on the number of phospho- lipids and neutral lipids in the nuclear fraction ofneocortex neurons and glia has been investigated A decrease in the amount ofphosphatidylinositol and an increase in sphingomyelin in neuronal nuclei occurred 2 h after irradiation at the time of(More)
The turnover of nuclear and chromatin lipids from the liver and thymus of control and irradiated rats was studied by the incorporation of [14C]acetate. The chromatin-bound lipids were shown to possess a high metabolic activity which was especially well-pronounced in thymus cells. The higher specific radioactivity of the chromatin-bound lipids in comparison(More)
A study was made of the lipid content of liver and thymus chromatin of intact and gamma-irradiated (10 Gy) rats 10 and 40 min after irradiation. The composition of the chromatin-bound phospholipids was shown to differ from that of phospholipids of intact nuclei and a nuclear membrane by a much larger content of cardiolipin and sphingomyelin. A decrease in(More)
Changes in the activity of ornithindecarboxylase in various tissues and in the amount of catecholamine in rat hypothalamus by the action of acute and chronic ionizing radiation were studied. A nonmonotonous relationship between the metabolic parameters of animal tissues and cells and the radiation dose was revealed. It was assumed that the nonmonotonous(More)
In hibernating Yakutian ground squirrels S. undulatus, the content of total phospholipids in the nuclei of liver increased by 40% compared to that in animals in summer. In torpid state, the amount of sphingomyelin increased almost 8 times; phosphatidylserine, 7 times; and cardiolipin, 4 times. In active “winter” ground squirrels, the amount of(More)
A nonmonotonous relationship between changes of metabolic parameters of tissues and cells of animal and radiation dose were discussed. Under acute irradiation of animals the nonmonotonous dose-response curve for metabolic parameters of tissues and cells were found. The nonmonotonous dose-response curves of metabolic and functional tissues and cells(More)