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1. In the rat, projections from the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) to the supraoptic nucleus (SON) of the hypothalamus were characterized in vivo using extracellular recordings and in slice preparations using both extracellular and whole-cell patch clamp recording. 2. Of 117 magnocellular neurones recorded in the SON in vivo, fifteen (13%) displayed a short(More)
1. Single cell extracellular recordings were made from the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) in urethane-anaesthetized Syrian hamsters at different times of the light-dark cycle. Peristimulus time histograms (PSTHs) were created following stimulation of the optic nerve. 2. Both short-latency (< 50 ms) and long-latency (> 50 ms) excitatory responses were seen.(More)
The modulatory effects of NO on N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-induced response in neurons of the supraoptic nucleus (SON) were studied by intracellular recording and radioimmunoassay of cyclic nucleotides using the rat brain slice preparation. Depolarization induced by 100 microM NMDA was reduced by application of 1 to 3 mM of the NO-donors, sodium(More)
This study used whole cell patch clamp recordings in rat hypothalamic slice preparations to evaluate the effects of GABA(B) receptor activation on GABA(A)-mediated inhibitory postsynaptic currents (IPSCs) in paraventricular nucleus magnocellular neurons evoked by electrical stimulation in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). Baclofen induced a dose-dependent(More)
To investigate whether stereo and plane visual shapes are processed in the same brain system, participants were instructed to discriminate whether two visual stimuli presented in sequence were identical and event-related potential (ERP) was recorded from their scalp. The first (S1) and the second stimuli (S2) were the same stereo shapes in condition 1, but(More)
The suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the dominant circadian pacemaker in mammalian brain, sends axonal projections to the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN), a composite of magno- and parvocellular neurons. This neural network likely offers SCN output neurons a means to entrain diurnal rhythmicity in various autonomic and neuroendocrine functions.(More)
Fifteen subjects participated in a matching task of visual stimuli. Two sequentially presented stimuli in a pair were the same shape (shape match), different shapes (shape mismatch), same human face (face match) or different faces (face mismatch). All four kinds of stimulus pairs were of equal probability. The shape mismatch pairs elicited a negative(More)
We used patch-clamp recordings in slice preparations from Sprague-Dawley rats to evaluate responses of 20 spinal-projecting neurons in the dorsal paraventricular nucleus (PVN) to electrical stimulation in suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). Neurons containing a retrograde label transported from the thoracic (T(1)-T(4)) intermediolateral column displayed three(More)
To investigate the working mechanism of the conflict processing system, pairs of colored numbers were sequentially presented on a screen to subjects. They were asked to determine if the magnitude or the color of the two numbers was identical. Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded at the same time. A negative potential peaking at 270 ms (N270) after(More)
The spinothalamic tract (STT) neurons in the spinal dorsal horn play an important role in transmission and processing of nociceptive sensory information. Although transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) receptors are present in the spinal cord dorsal horn, their physiological function is not fully elucidated. In this study, we examined the(More)