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Severe decline of almond trees has recently been observed in several orchards on the island of Mallorca (Balearic Islands, western Mediterranean Sea). However, the identity of the causal agents has not yet been investigated. Between August 2008 and June 2010, wood samples from branches of almond trees showing internal necroses and brown to black vascular(More)
The genus Phaeoacremonium is associated with opportunistic human infections, as well as stunted growth and die-back of various woody hosts, especially grapevines. In this study, Phaeoacremonium species were isolated from necrotic woody tissue of Prunus spp. (plum, peach, nectarine and apricot) from different stone fruit growing areas in South Africa.(More)
Species of Mycosphaerella and Teratosphaeria represent important foliicolous pathogens of Proteaceae. Presently approximately 40 members of these genera (incl. anamorphs) have been recorded from Proteaceae, though the majority are not known from culture, and have never been subjected to DNA sequence analysis. During the course of this study, epitypes were(More)
Novel species of fungi described in the present study include the following from Malaysia: Castanediella eucalypti from Eucalyptus pellita, Codinaea acacia from Acacia mangium, Emarcea eucalyptigena from Eucalyptus brassiana, Myrtapenidiella eucalyptorum from Eucalyptus pellita, Pilidiella eucalyptigena from Eucalyptus brassiana and Strelitziana malaysiana(More)
Esca disease of grapevine is a complex trunk disease consisting of several symptoms, one of which, white rot, has been found to be caused by various basidiomycetes within the order Hymenochaetales. During recent surveys of esca-related pathogens in South African vineyards, several unidentified basidiomycetes were isolated from white rot occurring in(More)
Botrytis cinerea causes severe losses of rooibos seedlings in the Clanwilliam region of the Western Cape of South Africa. A total of 207 isolates were collected from diseased seedlings representing five nurseries. The cryptic species status of these isolates was determined with restriction enzyme analysis of the Bc-hch gene with 206 of the isolates(More)
Cell suspension cultures of Vitis vinifera cv. Dauphine berries were used to study the response to the vascular pathogen, Eutypa lata, in comparison with a biological control agent, Trichoderma atroviride, that was previously shown to be effective in pruning wound protection. The expression of genes coding for enzymes of the phenylpropanoid pathway and(More)
A new species of Phellinus sensu stricto was isolated from diseased Vitis vinifera in the Northern Cape and Limpopo provinces of South Africa. Phellinus resupinatus is described here based on fruit body morphology, internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and large subunit (LSU) phylogenies. Phellinus resupinatus forms a well-supported clade closely related to(More)
Grapevine trunk diseases threaten the economic livelihood and lifespan of vineyards. One such disease, esca, involves the fungal colonisation and consequent blocking of vascular tissue, followed by tissue necrosis and eventual wood rot. Basidiomycetous fungi are the main causal agents of this wood rot and phylogenetic analysis group all South African(More)
In the protection of grapevine pruning wounds from trunk pathogen infection, fungicides provide mainly short term protection while biocontrol agents provide mainly long term protection. The integration of fungicide and biological wound protection could provide better wound protection, but is limited by the susceptibility of the biocontrol agents to the(More)