L Mattucci-Schiavone

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It was demonstrated that the aerial righting reflex can be used as an index of acute ethanol-induced impairment of motor coordination in rats, and was found to directly correlate with blood ethanol content from the infraorbital plexus. A study of ethanol within the blood and its distribution in brain regions showed that the ethanol content of orbital sinus(More)
In male Sprague-Dawley rats the acute effect of ethanol administration (1.0, 2.0, or 3.0 g/kg, IP) on motor coordination was measured by the aerial righting reflex. Ethanol in doses of 2.0 and 3.0 g/kg produced significant impairment of motor coordination with corresponding elevated blood ethanol levels. The rate of ethanol dissappearance from the blood was(More)
In male Sprague-Dawley rats acute ethanol (1.0 and 2.0 g/kg) produced impairment of motor coordination and induced hypnosis (4.0 g/kg). Muscimol (1.25 mg/kg, IP) prior to ethanol administration enhanced motor impairment as measured by the aerial righting reflex. The rate of ethanol disappearance from the blood was unaltered by muscimol. Functional tolerance(More)
Sprague-Dawley rats received taurine intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) 30 min prior to ethanol (4 g/kg, i.p.). The duration of ethanol-induced sleep time was increased with taurine at doses of 7.5, 14.0 and 25.0 mumol/kg. In another experiment, TAG (a taurine antagonist, i.c.v.) was given 5 min prior to taurine (i.c.v.) and ethanol was administered 30 min(More)
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