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The analysis of myenteric neurons is becoming increasingly important for the assessment of enteric nervous system injury and degeneration occurring in motor disorders of the gut. Limited information is presently available on the quantitative estimation of myenteric neurons and glial cells in paraffin-embedded colonic sections; additional data would be(More)
Prostaglandins regulate various functions throughout the gastrointestinal system. Their biosynthesis depends on cyclooxygenase isoforms, named COX-1 and COX-2. The initial hypothesis that COX-2 is an inducible enzyme has been challenged and its constitutive expression in the stomach has been established. In this study, an immunohistochemical analysis was(More)
OBJECTIVES Laser engineering may create hemispherical porosities on titanium surfaces obtaining regular and predetermined rough titanium surfaces. The aim of this study was to assess the viability and the proliferation of primary osteoblast-like cells (OB) to growth factors on titanium surfaces with a different roughness in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS OB(More)
BACKGROUND Vasculogenesis is a hallmark of myocardial restoration. Post-ischemic late remodeling is associated with pathology and function worsening. At the same time, neo-vasculogenesis helps function improving and requires the release of vascular endothelial growth factor type A (VEGF-A). The vasculogenic role of C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP), a(More)
PS-341 (Bortezomib) is a dipeptide boronic acid proteasome inhibitor with antitumor activity that induces apoptosis in different human cancer cell lines. We investigated effects of PS-341 (Bortezomib) on cell proliferation, cell cycle progression, induction of apoptosis and differentiation in a megakaryoblastic (MO7-e) cell line. PS-341 was able to retain(More)
The peptides belonging to the epidermal growth factor (EGF) family play a significant role in kidney development by binding the EGF receptor. Transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF alpha), a member of this family, is thought to be the fetal ligand of the EGF receptor. The present study aims to localize the TGF alpha transcripts in rat and human embryonic(More)
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an inflammatory bowel disease with alterations of colonic motility, which influence clinical symptoms. Although morpho-functional abnormalities in the enteric nervous system have been suggested, in UC patients scarce attention has been paid to possible changes in the cells that control colonic motility, including myenteric(More)
We have investigated the effects of some interleukins, such as interleukin (IL) 4, IL7, stem cell factor (SCF) and insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1), known to be involved in human lymphopoiesis, on proliferation, clonal growth and differentiation of cells from two acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) derived pre-B cell lines, that is, Nalm 1, Nalm 6 and(More)
The carboxy-terminal fragment of osteogenic growth peptide, OGP(10-14), is a pentapeptide with bone anabolic effects and hematopoietic activity. The latter activity appears to be largely enhanced by specific growth factors. To study the direct activity of OGP(10-14) on myeloid cells, we tested the pentapeptide proliferating/differentiating effects in HL60(More)
BACKGROUND Osteogenic growth peptide (OGP) is an endogenous tetradecapeptide present in micromolar concentrations in mammalian serum; its carboxy-terminal pentapeptide, OGP(10-14), represents its physiologically active fragment. OGP(10-14) induces proliferation and differentiation in fibroblast and osteoblast cell lines, and it enhances hematopoiesis in(More)