L M Lierman

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The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) is an expectancy-value theory that provided a framework for the study of behavioral and normative beliefs affecting health behaviors. The purpose of this article is to describe operationalization of the TPB. The process of instrument development is explicated, with examples from two studies of BSE behavior in older(More)
The personal and normative influences on breast self-examination (BSE) behavior in older women were examined using the Theory of Reasoned Action. The sample consists of 93 volunteers ranging in age from 52 to 90 years. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Direct and indirect measures of attitude and social norm were used to predict(More)
The purpose of this article is to report the application of the theory of reasoned action (TRA) to predict breast self-examination (BSE) intention and frequency in two studies with middle-aged and older women. The sample in Study 1 consisted of 93 volunteers from church groups; the second sample consisted of 175 randomly selected subscribers to a large(More)
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES To describe support strategies used by selected partners and peer partners in a study examining the effects of support on adherence to breast self-examination (BSE). DESIGN Experimental. SETTING Large health maintenance organization in the Pacific Northwest. SAMPLE 175 women (mean age of 61 years) and 53 partners selected by one of(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of an educational program and structured support on breast self-examination (BSE) frequency, proficiency, and perceived control in middle-aged and older women at 6 and 12 months after instruction. Women were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: (a) no-support control group; (b) peer(More)