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The fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP) is a selective RNA-binding protein implicated in regulating translation of its mRNA ligands. The absence of FMRP results in fragile X syndrome, one of the leading causes of inherited mental retardation. Delayed dendritic spine maturation was found in fragile X mental retardation patients as well as in Fmr1(More)
Fragile X syndrome is a frequent form of inherited mental retardation caused by functional loss of the fragile X mental retardation protein, FMRP. The function of FMRP is unknown, as is the mechanism by which its loss leads to cognitive deficits. Recent studies have determined that FMRP is a selective RNA-binding protein associated with polyribosomes,(More)
The fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP) is a selective RNA-binding protein whose function is implicated in regulating protein synthesis of its mRNA targets. The lack of FMRP leads to abnormal synapse development in the brain and impaired learning/memory. Although FMRP is predominantly expressed in neurons of the adult brain, whether FMRP also(More)
Expression of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is under tight regulation to accommodate its intricate roles in controlling brain function. Transcription of BDNF initiates from multiple promoters in response to distinct stimulation cues. However, regardless which promoter is used, all BDNF transcripts are processed at two alternative(More)
Fyn protein-tyrosine kinase (PTK), a member of the Src-PTK family, is essential for myelin development in the central nervous system (CNS). The absence of Fyn activity results in defects in the morphogenesis of oligodendrocyte precursors (OPCs) and CNS hypomyelination. However, molecular mechanisms for Fyn to control CNS myelinogenesis remain elusive. Here(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) plays key roles in normal brain development and function. Dysregulation of Cdk5 may cause neurodegeneration and cognitive impairment. Besides the well demonstrated role of Cdk5 in neurons, emerging evidence suggests the functional requirement of Cdk5 in oligodendroglia (OL) and CNS myelin development. However, whether(More)
The fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP) is a selective RNA-binding protein that regulates translation and plays essential roles in synaptic function. FMRP is bound to specific mRNA ligands, actively transported into neuronal processes in a microtubule-dependent manner, and associated with polyribosomes engaged in translation elongation. However, the(More)
We have determined the complete nucleotide sequence of a 6.3-kb chromosomal HpaI-EcoRI fragment, that contains the structural genes for both the large and small subunits of the Escherichia coli K-12 glutamate synthase (GOGAT) enzyme, as well as the 5'- and 3'-flanking and intercistronic DNA regions. The Mrs of the two subunits, as deduced from the(More)
The selective RNA-binding protein quaking I (QKI) plays important roles in controlling alternative splicing (AS). Three QKI isoforms are broadly expressed, which display distinct nuclear-cytoplasmic distribution. However, molecular mechanisms by which QKI isoforms control AS, especially in distinct cell types, still remain elusive. The quakingviable (qk(v))(More)
In this paper, we propose a pilot sequences allocation scheme to mitigate the impact of pilot contamination in massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems. First, we derive the uplink system sum rate when the number of antennas at the base station tends to infinity. According to the expression, pilot contamination is the only impairment to the(More)