L. M. J. Schwalbach

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Fifteen Boer goat bucks, (6–8 months old), were allocated into two groups and fed ad libitum for a period of 29 days. The WH group (winter hay; n = 8) received a chopped diet consisting of grass hay, predominantly Themeda trianda grass (cut during the winter) from a natural pasture (veld). The WH+S group (winter hay plus supplement; n = 7) received a(More)
The effects of incremental levels (0, 24 and 36%) of sun-dried and coarsely ground Opuntia cladodes in balanced diets on feed and water intake and excretion of urine and faeces were investigated. Nine Dorper wethers (mean live weight 45.3 ± 1.9 kg) were stratified according to body weight in three treatment groups and a diet randomly allocated to each(More)
N. Matthews, N. Bester, and L.M. J. Schwalbach Department of Animal-Wildlife-and Grassland Sciences, University of the Free State, P.O.Box 339, Bloemfontein, 9300 _______________________________________________________________________________________ Abstract This aim of this study was to compare the quality of ram semen samples collected by means of(More)
The effects of non-genetic factors (sex of calf, calf birth weight, age of cow, season of calving) affecting gestation length (GL) and open days period (OP) in the Ngaoundere Gudali cattle of the Adamawa (Cameroon) was investigated. Mean GL was 293.4 ± 0.4 d. Sex of the calf significantly (P< 0.05) affected GL, with male calves being carried in utero(More)
A questionnaire-based survey was conducted among a purposive sample of 60 small-scale cattle farmers in the Mopeane Rustenburg district, all of whom owned five or more head of cattle. Results showed that small-scale cattle farming is a part-time activity for most farmers in this district, and a way of investing or saving money in a form that is easily(More)
The aim of the study was to monitor the physiological changes in plasma free amino acid profiles in Boer goats under nutritional restriction. Fifteen Boer goat bucks were allocated to two experimental groups: CG (control), fed Themeda trianda hay, supplemented with maize, molasses and urea ad libitum; and RG (restricted feeding) fed the same hay (80 and 86%(More)
The efficacy of ivermectin, fenbendazole, pyrantel pamoate and doramectin was evaluated under field conditions at 2 sites in the Free State Province of South Africa. The study involved 25 horses at each site, divided into 5 groups of equal size. Ivermectin, fenbendazole and pyrantel pamoate were administered orally at doses of 0.2, 10 and 19 mg/kg(More)
A total of 32 Horro (Bos indicus) bulls, with an average initial body weight and age of approximately 211 kg and 6 years were evaluated. The bulls were divided into two treatment groups. One group was given a supplementary concentrate at a rate of 1.5 kg/day and the second group served as the control and received no supplementation. The observation period(More)
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