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Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and atrial fibrillation (AF) frequently coexist. However, the extent to which CKD increases the risk of thromboembolism in patients with nonvalvular AF and the benefits of anticoagulation in this group remain unclear. We addressed the role of CKD in the prediction of thromboembolic events and the impact of anticoagulation using(More)
Trimetazidine is an anti-ischemic drug whose cytoprotective mechanisms are not yet fully understood (but until now mainly related to the trimetazidine-induced "metabolic shift" from lipid beta-oxidation to glucose aerobic oxidation). We studied the effect of trimetazidine on the mitochondrial function of ischemic Wistar rat hearts perfused with glucose,(More)
AMPK activation during ischemia helps the myocardium to cope with the deficit of energy production. As AMPK activity is considered to be impaired in diabetes, we hypothesized that enhancing AMPK activation during ischemia above physiological levels would protect the ischemic diabetic heart through AMPK activation and subsequent inhibition of mitochondrial(More)
The effect of valsartan, an angiotensin II-type I receptor blocker, on the mitochondrial function, was studied using an ex vivo animal model (hearts from Wistar rats), perfused in a Langendorff system and then submitted to global acute ischemia. Parameters evaluated were: membrane electrical potential (DeltaPsi, using a(More)
The cellular role of mitochondria includes ATP generation and the modulation of cytosolic calcium signals, besides being the "crossroads" for several cell death pathways. The maintenance of optimal mitochondrial functioning during the disease process increases the chances for survival. For example, ischaemia followed by reperfusion is known to negatively(More)
OBJECTIVE Angiogenic peptides like VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) and bFGF (basic fibroblast growth factor) have entered clinical trials for coronary artery disease. Attempts are being made to devise clinically relevant means of delivery and to effect site-specific delivery of these peptides to the cardiac tissue, in order to limit systemic(More)
OBJECTIVE In preparation for clinical trials of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) to treat ischemic heart disease, we sought to identify a clinically feasible method of bFGF administration. BACKGROUND Basic FGF has been shown to promote collateral development after experimentally induced coronary occlusion; however, methods of bFGF delivery that have(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in elderly patients (> or =65 years) with younger patients and to assess the impact of comorbidities in CRT remodeling response. METHODS This is a prospective study of 87 consecutive patients scheduled for CRT who underwent clinical and(More)
We sought to evaluate safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), administered as a single intracoronary injection, to subjects with stable angina pectoris secondary to coronary artery disease. bFGF, an angiogenic growth factor, has been shown to enhance collateral development in animal models of(More)
BACKGROUND Left atrial (LA) size is a predictor of cardiovascular outcomes in patients in sinus rhythm, whereas conflicting results have been found in atrial fibrillation (AF). This study aims to: (1) Evaluate the accuracy of LA size to identify surrogate markers of an increased thromboembolic risk in patients with AF; (2) Assess the best method to evaluate(More)