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Neural stem cell (NSC) transplantation has the potential to treat neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease (PD). In this study, we investigated the effect of transplanted NSCs in a PD animal model. NSCs isolated from the subventricular zone (SVZ) of E14 rats were cultured in vitro to produce neurospheres, which were subsequently infected with(More)
Activity of the vascular large conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BK) channel is tightly regulated by its accessory β(1) subunit (BK-β(1)). Downregulation of BK-β(1) expression in diabetic vessels is associated with upregulation of the forkhead box O subfamily transcription factor-3a (FOXO-3a)-dependent F-box-only protein (FBXO) expression. However, the(More)
The present study evaluated in mice the central inhibitory effects of a water extract of shichangpu (Acori graminei rhizoma (AGR), the dry rhizome of Acorus gramineus Soland. (Araceae)). AGR (0.5-5.0 g/kg) dose-dependently decreased the locomotor activity and increased the pentobarbital-induced sleeping time, but had no significant effect on the treadmill(More)
In the mouse, digit tip regeneration progresses through a series of discrete stages that include inflammation, histolysis, epidermal closure, blastema formation, and redifferentiation. Recent studies reveal how each regenerative stage influences subsequent stages to establish a blastema that directs the successful regeneration of a complex mammalian(More)
UNLABELLED Cold stress causes various injuries to rice seedlings in low-temperature and high-altitude areas and is therefore an important factor affecting rice production in such areas. In this study, root conductivity (RC) was used as an indicator to map quantitative trait loci (QTLs) of cold tolerance in Oryza rufipogon Griff., Dongxiang wild rice (DX),(More)
The intermittent influx of K+ into motor cells in motor organs (pulvini) is essential to the rhythmic movement of leaves and leaflets in various plants, but in contrast to the K+ influx channels in guard cells, those in pulvinar motor cells have not yet been characterized. We analyzed these channels in the plasma membrane of pulvinar cell protoplasts of the(More)
Rice black streaked-dwarf virus (RBSDV) disease is recently expanding in southern China and poses a serious threat to rice crops. Few studies related to the genetics and breeding of RBSDV resistance have been reported. We have previously mapped a number of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for RBSDV resistance by using a recombinant inbred line population of(More)
PURPOSE To develop large-scale, high-throughput annotation of the human macula transcriptome and to identify and prioritize candidate genes for inherited retinal dystrophies, based on ocular-expression profiles using serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE). METHODS Two human retina and two retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)/choroid SAGE libraries made(More)
The rhombic lip (RL) is the neuroepithelium immediately adjacent to the roof plate of the fourth ventricle, and it gives rise to various brainstem and cerebellar cell types. Our study shows that the bHLH (basic helix-loop-helix) transcription factor Olig3 is expressed in the progenitors of RL, and ablation of Olig3 significantly affects the development of(More)
Epithelial sodium channels (ENaC) play an essential role in maintaining total body fluid and electrolyte homeostasis. As such, abnormal expression of ENaC at the cell surface is linked to several important human diseases. Although the stability of ENaC subunits has been extensively studied by protein biochemical analysis, the half-life of the functional(More)