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Analogs and homologs of PDMP were synthesized, based on its structure (D-threo-1-phenyl-2-decanoylamino-3-morpholino-1-propanol). This compound had previously been found to block the synthesis of GlcCer (glucosylceramide). Increasing the acyl chain length from 10 to 16 carbon atoms greatly enhanced the efficacy of the enzyme inhibitor, as did the use of a(More)
Mitotane [1-(2-chlorophenyl)-1-(4-chlorophenyl)-2,2-dichloroethane, o,p'-DDD] is an adrenocorticolytic agent of value in the treatment of adrenocortical carcinoma and Cushing's syndrome. In support of a program to develop agents superior to mitotane, it is the purpose of this study to explore the relationship of the metabolism of mitotane to its binding to(More)
The adrenalytic activity of mitotane (o,p'-DDD) has made it useful in the treatment of adrenocortical carcinoma and Cushing's syndrome. In support of a study to develop mitotane analogs as more effective therapeutic agents and as a basis for understanding the toxicity of related compounds in the adrenals, the biotransformations of o,p'-DDD in adrenocortical(More)
The synthesis of a series of 2-arylamido and 2-alkylamido derivatives of 2-amino-4-(isothiocyanatomethyl)thiazole and 2-amino-4-(isothiocyanatomethyl)selenazole is described. In vitro antiproliferative evaluations were carried out using L1210 cells. The 2-(alkylamido)thiazole derivatives were moderately antiproliferative, with IC50's of 4-8 microM. A(More)
The chemical synthesis of certain 4-substituted pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine nucleosides is described. Using 1-(2,3,5-tri-O-acetyl-beta-D-ribofuranosyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-one (1) as the starting material, the reactive intermediate 4-chloro-1-(2,3,5-tri-O-acetyl-beta-D-ribofuranosyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine (2) was prepared in excellent yield. Compound(More)
Non-nucleoside analogs of the pyrrolopyrimidine nucleosides toyocamycin, sangivamycin and thiosangivamycin have been synthesized and their cytotoxicity in mammalian cells determined. While studying the effects of 5-thioamide-substituted analogs on cell growth, we observed an interesting phenomenon in which cells recovered spontaneously from growth(More)
A series of methyl and ethyl 5-(alkoxycarbonyl)-1H-benzimidazole-2-carbamates (7-19) and methyl 5-carbamoyl-1H-benzimidazole-2-carbamates (24-34) have been synthesized via the reaction of an appropriate alcohol or amine with the acid chloride derivatives 6a or 6b at room temperature. Reaction of an alcohol with acid chloride 6a at reflux temperature(More)
The synthesis of 4-amino-1-beta-D-ribofuranosylpyrrolo[2,3-d]pyridazin-7 (6H)-one (3) from the reaction of ethyl 3-cyano-1-beta-D-ribofuranosylpyrrole-2-carboxylate (10) and hydrazine is described. The 5:6 pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyridazin-7(6H)-one structure of 3 was established via a three-step conversion of 3 into(More)
A series of imidazo[4,5-d]isothiazole nucleosides related to the antibiotic nebularine and the highly cytotoxic 6-methyl-9-beta-D-ribofuranosylpurine have been synthesized from the corresponding heterocycles. The sodium salt glycosylation of the imidazo[4,5-d]isothiazoles proceeded smoothly, giving mixtures of N-4 and N-6 regioisomers in generally good(More)