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A total of 2,905 pedicle measurements were made from T1-L5. Measurements were made from spinal computerized tomography (CT) scan examinations and individual vertebral specimen roentgenograms. Parameters considered were the pedicle isthmus width in the transverse and sagittal planes, pedicle angles in the transverse and sagittal planes, and the depth to the(More)
This laboratory experiment was undertaken to identify factors contributing to intrapeduncular screw fixation in the vertebra. Testing was performed in axial pull-out and cyclic loading modes using multiple screw designs inserted to various depths into fresh human lumbosacral vertebra. The degree of osteoporosis played a major role in pull-out strength.(More)
The paraspinal approach was described by our group in 1968. It differs from the approach described by Melvin Watkins in 1953 in that it is a longitudinal separation of the sacrospinalis group between the multifidus and longissimus, and not between the lateral border of the entire sacrospinalis group and quadratus lumborum. Also, Watkins removed a flake of(More)
The defect in the pars interarticularis in spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis is most often the result of repeated trauma, stress, and factors other than acute fracture. These fatigue fractures develop early in life, may have a strong hereditary basis, and most often represent incidental roentgenographic findings. Attention should be given to the youngster(More)
This syndrome occurs in two types of patients: (1) the elderly person with degenerative scoliosis and (2) a somewhat younger adult population with isthmic spondylolisthesis and at least 20% slip. On plain radiograph, the Ferguson view (25 degrees caudocephalic) is best for visualizing the condition, however, CT is by far the best diagnostic tool. To show(More)
A prospective multi-institutional study was carried out to evaluate automated percutaneous discectomy in the treatment of lumbar disc herniations. Of the 327 patients who prospectively met the study criteria and were followed for longer than 1 year, 75.2% were successfully treated. When patients (n = 168) who prospectively did not meet the study criteria(More)