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The distribution of the P2X2 receptor subunit of the adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP)-gated ion channels was examined in the adult rat central nervous system (CNS) by using P2X2 receptor-specific antisera and riboprobe-based in situ hybridisation. P2X2 receptor mRNA expression matched the P2X2 receptor protein localisation. An extensive expression pattern(More)
The neurally expressed genes Brn-3.1 and Brn-3.2 (refs 1-6) are mammalian orthologues of the Caenorhabditis elegans unc-86 gene that constitute, with Brn-3.0 (refs 1-3,8,9), the class IV POU-domain transcription factors. Brn-3.1 and Brn-3.2 provide a means of exploring the potentially distinct biological functions of expanded gene families in neural(More)
Haplo-insufficiency of human Lis1 causes lissencephaly. Reduced Lis1 activity in both humans and mice results in a neuronal migration defect. Here we show that Drosophila Lis1 is highly expressed in the nervous system. Lis1 is essential for neuroblast proliferation and axonal transport, as shown by a mosaic analysis using a Lis1 null mutation. Moreover, it(More)
A recently identified neuropeptide with PRL-releasing capabilities binds to and activates a previously known orphan G protein-coupled receptor, GPR10. We initiated a study to define the pharmacology of the peptide/receptor interaction and to identify the distribution of the peptide and its receptor in the central nervous system to elucidate sites of action(More)
Insertional mutagenesis provides a rapid way to clone a mutated gene. Transfer DNA (T-DNA) of Agrobacterium tumefaciens has been proven to be a successful tool for gene discovery in Arabidopsis and rice ( Oryza sativa L. ssp. japonica). Here, we report the generation of 5,200 independent T-DNA tagged rice lines. The T-DNA insertion pattern in the rice(More)
P2Y receptors are a class of G protein-coupled receptors activated primarily by ATP, UTP, and UDP. Five mammalian P2Y receptors have been cloned so far including P2Y1, P2Y2, P2Y4, P2Y6, and P2Y11. P2Y1, P2Y2, and P2Y6 couple to the activation of phospholipase C, whereas P2Y4 and P2Y11 couple to the activation of both phospholipase C and the adenylyl cyclase(More)
Specific families of transcription factors mediate events in the sequential maturation of distinct neuronal phenotypes. Members of one such family, the class IV POU domain transcription factor Brn-3.0, and two highly related factors Brn-3.1 and Brn-3.2, are differentially expressed in the developing and mature mammalian nervous system. The expression(More)
The tumour-suppressor gene Neurofibromatosis 1 (Nf1) encodes a Ras-specific GTPase activating protein (Ras-GAP). In addition to being involved in tumour formation, NF1 has been reported to cause learning defects in humans and Nf1 knockout mice. However, it remains to be determined whether the observed learning defect is secondary to abnormal development.(More)
Induction of the cellular fos gene (c-fos) is one of the earliest transcriptional changes observed following neuronal excitation. Although not an activity marker in the strict electrophysiological sense, many neurons in the central nervous system increase their c-fos expression after periods of sustained stimulation at physiological levels of intensity. In(More)