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Rats were submitted to paradoxical sleep deprivation (PSD) for 24, 72, or 96 h and were trained on a double aversively motivated task, encompassing a step-through inhibitory avoidance and a classical conditioning of fear to a brief tone serving as conditional stimulus. Retention test of the inhibitory avoidance was performed at the same apparatus of(More)
1. Male Wistar rats were submitted to paradoxical sleep deprivation for 96 hr by a modified multiple platform technique. 2. Training of step-through inhibitory avoidance was performed immediately after the last day of paradoxical sleep deprivation. Twenty-four hr after training the animals were submitted to the retention test. 3. In Experiment 1,(More)
We search for the technicolor process pp-->rhoT/omegaT-->WpiT in events containing one electron and two jets, in data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 390 pb(-1), recorded by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron. Technicolor predicts that technipions pi(T) decay dominantly into bb, bc, or bc, depending on their charge. In these events b(More)
Rats were deprived of sleep for 96 h by the platform technique and total glutathione (GSHtau) levels were measured in seven different brain areas. Glutathione levels were found to be significantly reduced in the hypothalamus of sleep-deprived animals when compared with large platform (-18%) or home cage (-31%) controls. Deprived rats also had reduced GSHtau(More)
Recent findings from this laboratory revealed that sleep deprivation reduces total glutathione (GSH) levels in hypothalamus, suggesting an increased vulnerability to oxidative damage. Since melatonin has been shown to prevent oxidative damage in other experimental situations, the present study tested the effects of exogenous melatonin on sleep(More)
The methods used to induce paradoxical sleep (PS) deprivation are believed to be stressful. In the present study, two methods were compared in regard to their ability to activate the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Animals were placed on multiple large (MLP) or small (MSP) platforms or on single large (SLP) or small (SSP) platforms and blood(More)
Effects of stress on drug-induced yawning: Constant vs. intermittent stress. PHYSIOL BEHAV 58(1) 181-184, 1995.--Experiment 1 tested whether chronic exposure to immobilization, foot shock or forced swimming would result in suppression of apomorphine-, pilocarpine-, and physostigmine-induced yawning. Immobilization caused suppression of yawning, whereas foot(More)
Both partial and total sleep deprivation frequently result in a rebound of paradoxical sleep (PS), as well as of slow-wave or delta sleep. Acute administration of ethanol inhibits PS in normal volunteers. This effect is dose-dependent and consists of increased latency to and reduced duration of paradoxical sleep. It has also been shown that PS rebound may(More)
Central administration of ACTH in rats induces yawning and stretching. In order to study the effects of REM sleep deprivation on ACTH-induced yawning, the peptide was injected immediately after the REM sleep deprivation period or 24 h later. REM sleep deprivation impaired ACTH-induced yawning, but after a 24-hour recovery period, rats displayed a number of(More)
Paradoxical sleep deprivation was performed on rats using platform technique to investigate the oxidative process associated with it. Levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), total glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde production were measured in brain of rats under control conditions (C) and those on single large(More)