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We present here the complete genome sequence of a common avian clone of Pasteurella multocida, Pm70. The genome of Pm70 is a single circular chromosome 2,257,487 base pairs in length and contains 2,014 predicted coding regions, 6 ribosomal RNA operons, and 57 tRNAs. Genome-scale evolutionary analyses based on pairwise comparisons of 1,197 orthologous(More)
Automated DNA sequencing was used to characterize mutations associated with rifampin resistance in a 69-bp region of the gene, rpoB, encoding the beta subunit of RNA polymerase in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The data confirmed that greater than 90% of rifampin-resistant strains have sequence alterations in this region and showed that most are missense(More)
Streptococcus pyogenes secretes an extracellular cysteine protease that cleaves human interleukin 1 beta precursor to form biologically active IL-1 beta, a major cytokine mediating inflammation and shock. To further investigate the potential role of the cysteine protease in host-parasite interactions, the enzyme was purified to apparent homogeneity and(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop and demonstrate the utility of automated DNA sequencing strategies for rapid and unambiguous identification of Mycobacterium species and mutations associated with antimicrobial resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. DESIGN AND SPECIMENS: A 360-base pair segment of the gene (hsp65) encoding a 65-kd heat shock protein was characterized(More)
The effect of dietary chitosan oligosaccharides (COS) supplementation on ileal digestibilities of nutrients and performance in broilers was assessed by feeding graded levels (0, 50, 100, 150 mg/kg) of COS. Two thousand four hundred male commercial Avian broilers (1-d-old) were assigned randomly to 5 dietary treatment groups (60 birds per pen with 8 pens per(More)
Ginkgolides are key pharmaceutical components in Ginkgo biloba leaves. 1-Deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate synthase (GbDXS) and geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate (GbGGPPS) genes are critical genes involved in ginkgolide biosynthesis. In this study, the promoters of GbDXS and GGPPS, with 676 and 570 bp in length, respectively, were cloned by chromosome walking. (More)
The current study was to determine the predictors of survival in 491 Chinese patients with lupus nephritis (LN). All patients were evaluated and consecutively followed up from 2003 to 2010. The female: male ratio was 9.5:1, with a median age of 31.1 ± 12 years. Forty-nine (10.0%) patients were lost to follow-up and 47 (10.3%) patients died. The overall(More)
Virtually all clinical isolates of group A streptococci secrete a highly conserved extracellular cysteine protease that cleaves human fibronectin and vitronectin, and converts IL-1 beta precursor to biologically active IL-1 beta. Based on the high degree of gene conservation within the species and its role in host pathogenicity, it was postulated that(More)
A novel reversed-phase HPLC method was developed for the simultaneous determination of Gastrodin (Gas) and Ligustrazine hydrochloride (LZH) in dog plasma after oral administration of the preparation 'Tianxiong Capsule'. The assay involves deproteinization, extraction and subsequent detection with a gradient solvent system at two different wavelengths.(More)
Streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin B (SPE B), a conserved extracellular cysteine protease expressed by the human pathogenic bacterium Streptococcus pyogenes, was purified and shown to cleave inactive human interleukin 1 beta precursor (pIL-1 beta) to produce biologically active IL-1 beta. SPE B cleaves pIL-1 beta one residue amino-terminal to the site where a(More)