L. L. J. Ossowski

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Proteases are crucial for cancer metastasis, but due to lack of assays, their role in intravasation has not yet been tested. We have developed a human Alu sequence PCR-based assay to quantitate intravasated cells in an in vivo model. We demonstrated that metalloproteinases (MMPs), and most likely MMP-9, are required for intravasation by showing that(More)
Mechanisms that regulate the transition of metastases from clinically undetectable and dormant to progressively growing are the least understood aspects of cancer biology. Here, we show that a large ( approximately 70%) reduction in the urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) level in human carcinoma HEp3 cells, while not affecting their in vitro(More)
A human epithelial cell line, WISH, and a mouse cell line, LB6-uPAR, transfected with the human urokinase receptor (uPAR), both expressed high affinity uPAR but undetectable levels of urokinase (uPA). In two independent assays, binding of exogenous pro-uPA produced an up to threefold enhancement of migration. The migration was time and concentration(More)
Urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) activates alpha5beta1 integrin and ERK signaling, inducing in vivo proliferation of HEp3 human carcinoma. Here we demonstrate that EGFR mediates the uPAR/integrin/fibronectin (FN) induced growth pathway. Its activation is ligand-independent and does not require high EGFR, but does require high uPAR expression.(More)
Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) binding to uPAR induces migration, adhesion, and proliferation through multiple interactions with G proteins-coupled receptor FPRL1, integrins, or the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor (EGFR). At least two forms of uPAR are present on the cell surface: full-length and cleaved uPAR, each specifically(More)
After dissemination from a primary tumor, cancer cells may resume growth, leading to overt metastasis, or enter a state of protracted dormancy. However, mechanisms that determine their fate, or markers that predict it, are mostly unavailable. We previously showed that in HEp3 human head and neck carcinoma, the extracellular signal-regulated kinase(More)
Highly expressed urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) can interact with alpha5beta1 integrin leading to persistent ERK activation and tumorigenicity. Disrupting this interaction reduces ERK activity, forcing cancer cells into dormancy. We identified a site in uPAR domain III that is indispensable for these effects. A 9-mer peptide derived from a(More)
Considerable evidence links urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) bound to its surface receptor (uPAR) with enhanced invasiveness of cancer cells. By blocking uPAR expression in human epidermoid carcinoma cells (HEp3), we have now identified an additional and novel in vivo function for this receptor by showing that receptor-deficient cells enter a state of(More)
We have screened six human squamous carcinoma cell lines for their ability to invade connective tissue by using the experimentally modified chorioallantoic membrane of a chick embryo as an in vivo model of invasion. In confirmation of our earlier studies, all the invasive cell lines expressed high levels of surface-bound urokinase type plasminogen activator(More)
We discovered that a shift between the state of tumorigenicity and dormancy in human carcinoma (HEp3) is attained through regulation of the balance between two classical mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)-signaling pathways, the mitogenic extracellular regulated kinase (ERK) and the apoptotic/growth suppressive stress-activated protein kinase 2(More)