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The cognitive and neural mechanisms underlying category-specific knowledge remain controversial. Here we report that, across multiple tasks (viewing, delayed match to sample, naming), pictures of animals and tools were associated with highly consistent, category-related patterns of activation in ventral (fusiform gyrus) and lateral (superior and middle(More)
Recent functional brain imaging studies suggest that object concepts may be represented, in part, by distributed networks of discrete cortical regions that parallel the organization of sensory and motor systems. In addition, different regions of the left lateral prefrontal cortex, and perhaps anterior temporal cortex, may have distinct roles in retrieving,(More)
We used fMRI to examine the neural response in frontal and parietal cortices associated with viewing and naming pictures of different categories of objects. Because tools are commonly associated with specific hand movements, we predicted that pictures of tools, but not other categories of objects, would elicit activity in regions of the brain that store(More)
To examine the specificity of face-responsive regions for face processing, we used fMRI to measure the response of the fusiform gyrus and the superior temporal sulcus (STS) to pictures of human faces, animals, faceless animals, and houses. Results indicate that faces, animals, and faceless animals all elicited greater activity than houses, and had identical(More)
Prefrontal cortex provides both inhibitory and excitatory input to distributed neural circuits required to support performance in diverse tasks. Neurological patients with prefrontal damage are impaired in their ability to inhibit task-irrelevant information during behavioral tasks requiring performance over a delay. The observed enhancements of primary(More)
Event-related potentials and behavioral measures were obtained from young and elderly subjects while they performed two different auditory delayed match-to-sample tasks. In each experiment, subjects had to indicate whether an initial and a subsequent test sound were identical in two different conditions: one filled with distracting tone pips and one with no(More)
Neurological patients with focal lesions in either the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, temporal-parietal junction or the posterior hippocampus, and control subjects, were tested on a task requiring short-term retention of environmental sounds. Subjects had to indicate whether initial and subsequent test sounds were identical in two conditions. The initial(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) was used to investigate whether retrieving information about a specific object attribute requires reactivation of brain areas that mediate perception of that attribute. During separate PET scans, subjects passively viewed colored and equiluminant gray-scale Mondrians, named colored and achromatic objects, named the color(More)
The present study investigated brain mechanisms underlying auditory memory. In a modified Sternberg memory scanning task, 11 subjects indicated whether a probe sound was part of a previously presented 4-item memory set by a button press. Behaviorally, subjects responded fastest and most accurately to probes that matched the last memory set items and slowest(More)
Event-related potentials were recorded from young and elderly subjects while they performed a modified auditory Sternberg memory task. Aging was associated with a decrease in frontal activation, suggesting that prefrontal alterations may be central to age-related impairments in auditory working memory. Young subjects showed significant serial position(More)