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Brain and anterior pituitary growth hormone (GH), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) were measured during fetal, neonatal, and pubertal life and into adulthood. Immunoassayable GH and TSH could be found in the fetal whole brain before their detection in the fetal pituitary. Developmental patterns of pituitary and brain hormones(More)
Using a specific sensitive radioimmunoassay, the distribution of growth hormone (GH) immunoreactivity in the rodent and primate central nervous system (CNS) was determined. Highest levels of extractable growth hormone-like materials were obtained from the rat amygdaloid nucleus, although other areas including cortex, hippocampus and the thalamus, contained(More)
Extracts of homogenates of rat, mouse, rabbit, and human submaxillary salivary glands contain a significant quantity of a material with glucagon-like immunoreactivity. Fractionation of this material on columns of Sephadex G-100 reveals a single peak immediately following a gamma globulin marker but in advance of a rat growth hormone marker, crystalline(More)
The effects of ethanol (EtOH) on GH and PRL have been previously explored, and a dicotomy in results noted. While serum GH levels appear to fall after EtOH exposure, PRL levels rise. We have attempted to expand these studies by examining the impact of acute or "binge" EtOH in vivo on GH and PRL synthesis and secretion. At 0.5, 1.5, and 3.0 h after one dose(More)
Alterations in the protein kinase C (PKC) pathway may interrupt anterior pituitary luteinizing hormone (LH) synthesis and/or secretion, which may impair normal reproductive function. Work by our laboratory and others has shown that EtOH has profound deleterious effects on the regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis. The present study(More)
Teenage drinking is a major problem in the United States, as well as abroad. Besides psychosocial implications, ethanol (EtOH) has detrimental effects on the reproductive system. Clinical problems associated with reduced reproductive hormones include osteoporosis, decreased muscle function, anemia, altered immune function, prostate involution, and decreased(More)
A variety of indirect data suggest that the luteinizing hormone (LH) lowering effects of ethanol (ETOH) are mediated at a hypothalamic level decreasing the synthesis and/or release of LH-releasing hormone (LHRH). Little direct data support this concept, however. The current study was, therefore, designed utilizing a perifusion system with frequent sampling(More)
In order to study the impact of short-term ethanol feeding on pituitary luteinizing hormone (LH) levels, LH release and hormone microheterogeneity, 28 female oophorectomized rats were fed either a diet containing 36% ethanol or an isocaloric diet without ethanol for 16 days. On the 14th day of the experiment, all rats were given 50 micrograms of estradiol(More)
While an attempt was being made to identify the source of the growth hormone releasing factor present in cerebral spinal fluid of man, it was discovered that cells of the rat amygdaloid nucleus, grown in tissue culture, produce a material that is immunologically and chromatographically identical to growth hormone found in the pituitary. Immunoperoxidase(More)