L Kerkerian

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The high affinity glutamate uptake (HAGU) was measured in homogenates obtained from striata of control rats and animals submitted to electrical stimulation of the frontal cortical areas. Results show that the stimulation of the corticostriatal neurons induces an activation of the uptake of glutamate (Glu) in the striatum resulting from an increase in the(More)
High affinity glutamate uptake (HAGU) was measured within the red nucleus (RN) and the ventrolateral thalamic area in intact adult cats and in animals which had undergone a large hemicerebellectomy 8 to 21 days before. In the side contralateral to the lesion, results show two types of changes in HAGU: 1. In the caudal parts of the RN and the ventrolateral(More)
In order to study the distribution of neuropeptide Y-like immunoreactivity in the human hypothalamus, an immunocytochemical localization of this peptide was performed. Using antibodies developed against synthetic porcine neuropeptide Y (NPY), we have been able to localize immunoreactivity in neuronal cell bodies located exclusively in the infundibular(More)
This study examines the ultrastructural relationships established by the nigrostriatal dopaminergic and the corticostriatal afferent fibers with neuropeptide Y (NPY)-containing neurons in the rat striatum. By means of dual immunolabeling procedures using peroxidase conjugated F(ab) fragments and 125I-labeled protein A, direct appositions and morphologically(More)
Selective unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesion of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurones in rats resulted, 12 to 90 days later, in a marked increase in the number of neuropeptide Y (NPY)-immunoreactive perikarya in the ipsilateral deafferented striatum compared to the contralateral intact side in the same animal and to both sides in control animals. The(More)
Selective unilateral lesion of the nigrostriatal dopamine pathway by the cytotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine was previously shown to enhance the number and staining intensity of neurons expressing neuropeptide Y immunoreactivity in the ipsilateral striatum. This effect was completely reversed by treatment of the 6-hydroxydopamine-injected animals with the directly(More)
Kainic acid lesion of the 'centre médian'-parafascicular complex of the thalamus inducing a degeneration of the thalamostriatal neurons was followed by a decrease in choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) in the rostral part of the striatum in the rat. This decrease in ChAT was concomitant with an increase in glutamate decarboxylase, high-affinity glutamate(More)
The density of neuropeptide Y (NPY) immunostained neurons examined in the rat nucleus accumbens (NAcc) was shown to be constant across the anteroposterior extent of the nucleus and did not present any right-left hemispheric difference. Selective unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) lesion of the nigral dopaminergic neurons induced, 15 to 21 days later, a(More)
Incubation of rat striatal tissue in the presence of acetylcholine, carbachol, oxotremorine, or nicotine results in a significant decrease in the sodium-dependent high-affinity glutamate uptake (HAGU). The cholinergic inhibitory effect on glutamate transport is no more detectable in the presence of atropine, a cholinergic receptor antagonist. These data(More)
In vivo electrical stimulation of the frontal cortical areas was found to enhance sodium-dependent high-affinity glutamate uptake (HAGU) measured in rat striatal homogenates. This activating effect was counteracted by in vivo administration of apomorphine and by in vitro addition of dopamine (DA; 10(-8) M) in the incubation medium, and potentiated by in(More)