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Anxiolytics specifically increase the number of exploratory transitions in a two-chambered model system for anxiety in mice. Characterization of parameters to optimize and standardize this model required analysis of multiple use of test animals, intertrial interval, and circadian variability. Time of day did not affect exploratory activity in mice treated(More)
Cholecystokinin coexists with dopamine in mesolimbic neurons in mammalian brain. When injected directly into the nucleus accumbens, cholecystokinin (CCK) potentiated dopamine (DA)-induced hyperlocomotion and apomorphine-induced stereotypy. These effects were not mimicked by nonsulfated CCK, but were blocked by proglumide, a putative CCK antagonist, as well(More)
The nucleus accumbens contains many neuropeptides whose functions are presently unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which these neuropeptides act in conjunction with the mesolimbic dopamine system. Microinjections of cholecystokinin, neurotensin, met-enkephalin, somatostatin, bombesin, as well as glutamate and muscimol, were(More)
Experimental phenylketonuria was induced in male rats by daily injections of alpha-methylphenylalanine and phenylalanine on postnatal Days 3-31. Beginning at 8 weeks of age, the animals were subjected to a test of observational learning followed by a test of latent learning (two tests of "advantageous" learning). The animals subjected to the PKU treatment(More)
Cytogenetic analysis of granulosa cell tumor of the ovary was performed in two patients. G-banding analysis of cells cultured 3-5 days showed that the karyotype of each tumor contained normal diploid cells as well as cells with identical aberration: trisomy 14. This is the first report of trisomy 14 in two cases of granulosa cell tumor of the ovary. Flow(More)
The antigenic specificity of the majority of T lymphocytes in the peripheral blood is determined by the combination of alpha and beta variable region chains present in the T cell receptor complex. Currently, the V beta chains are grouped into 25 families. Historically, determination of V beta usage has relied on detection of gene rearrangement on the(More)
Congenital leukemia is a rare disease in which a leukemic process is present at birth or immediately thereafter. The majority of cases presented in the literature were reported prior to the availability of contemporary immunophenotyping methods, and lineage assignment was often made on the basis of morphology alone. Congenital leukemias may be of various(More)
Since only a small percentage of CD4+ lymphocytes is infected at any one time during the course of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease, a question central to the pathogenesis of HIV is whether or not the depletion of CD4+ lymphocytes is a random or selective event. The majority of peripheral blood T lymphocytes use alpha and beta variable chains as(More)