L. Julian Haywood

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To develop reference ranges for creatine kinase (CK) appropriate for the patient population served by this hospital, levels of serum CK were measured in 1,537 individuals in our employee population. There was substantial heterogeneity in mean, median, and range of CK levels among the several race/gender subgroups in the population studied. The race/gender(More)
To assess the utility of double oblique, ECG-gated 1H magnetic resonance (MR) derived volume curves for assessing LV function, cardiac short axis images were acquired with a fast field echo technique. We applied this methodology to assess left ventricular function in three groups: normals, patients with left ventricular hypertrophy, and dilated(More)
A randomized prospective study compared achievement and maintenance of therapeutic plasma concentrations in patients receiving computer-assisted (CA) initial lidocaine hydrochloride therapy, designed pharmacokinetically to achieve and maintain a chosen plasma concentration, v conventional lidocaine therapy (CT). A separate audit of outcome was also(More)
Gross and microscopic findings consistent with acute (three patients) and healed (four patients) myocardial infarction were found in seven (9.7%) of 72 consecutive hearts from patients with sickle cell disease studied after autopsy between 1950 and 1982. Gross obstructive and atherosclerotic lesions were absent in all seven patients, while microthrombi were(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a risk factor for stroke, especially when accompanied by other high-risk cardiovascular predictors. The Atrial Fibrillation Follow-up Investigation of Rhythm Management (AFFIRM) Study was a multicenter comparison of high-risk patients with AF who were randomized to either a sinus rhythm control or a rate control(More)
CONTEXT Few cardiovascular outcome data are available for blacks with hypertension treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or calcium channel blockers (CCBs). OBJECTIVE To determine whether an ACE inhibitor or CCB is superior to a thiazide-type diuretic in reducing cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence in racial subgroups. DESIGN,(More)
The Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering treatment to prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT) provides a unique opportunity to compare the long-term relative safety and efficacy of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor and calcium channel blocker-initiated therapy in older hypertensive individuals. Patients were randomized to amlodipine (n=9048) or lisinopril(More)
To determine whether tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin-1 (IL-1) might be involved in the pathogenesis of sickle cell disease and its complications, TNF-alpha and IL-1-alpha were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 59 plasma samples from 34 adult subjects with Hb SS or Hb SC who did not have documented infections. Tumor necrosis(More)
The possibility that myocardial ischemia may be associated with chest pain during painful crises was evaluated prospectively in 20 patients (11 women and nine men) with sickle cell disease (19 SS, 1 S beta + thalassemia). Sixteen of 20 (80%) had abnormal ECGs, 7 (35%) had transient ST-T wave changes, and 3 (15%) had persistent ST-T wave changes, both(More)