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BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a risk factor for stroke, especially when accompanied by other high-risk cardiovascular predictors. The Atrial Fibrillation Follow-up Investigation of Rhythm Management (AFFIRM) Study was a multicenter comparison of high-risk patients with AF who were randomized to either a sinus rhythm control or a rate control(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES CKD is common among older patients. This article assesses long-term renal and cardiovascular outcomes in older high-risk hypertensive patients, stratified by baseline estimated GFR (eGFR), and long-term outcome efficacy of 5-year first-step treatment with amlodipine or lisinopril, each compared with chlorthalidone. DESIGN,(More)
To assess the utility of double oblique, ECG-gated 1H magnetic resonance (MR) derived volume curves for assessing LV function, cardiac short axis images were acquired with a fast field echo technique. We applied this methodology to assess left ventricular function in three groups: normals, patients with left ventricular hypertrophy, and dilated(More)
CONTEXT Few cardiovascular outcome data are available for blacks with hypertension treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or calcium channel blockers (CCBs). OBJECTIVE To determine whether an ACE inhibitor or CCB is superior to a thiazide-type diuretic in reducing cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence in racial subgroups. DESIGN,(More)
To determine whether tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin-1 (IL-1) might be involved in the pathogenesis of sickle cell disease and its complications, TNF-alpha and IL-1-alpha were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 59 plasma samples from 34 adult subjects with Hb SS or Hb SC who did not have documented infections. Tumor necrosis(More)
Gross and microscopic findings consistent with acute (three patients) and healed (four patients) myocardial infarction were found in seven (9.7%) of 72 consecutive hearts from patients with sickle cell disease studied after autopsy between 1950 and 1982. Gross obstructive and atherosclerotic lesions were absent in all seven patients, while microthrombi were(More)
A 38-year-old black woman with thyrotoxicosis, whose first symptom was angina pectoris, is described. Chest pain became progressively more frequent, and an unstable angina pattern developed. Angina attacks were associated with transient ischemic electrocardiographic changes and recurrent ventricular tachycardia was documented. Coronary angiography revealed(More)
This study evaluated the hemorheological effects of a nonionic block copolymer surfactant, RheothRx Injection, on the hemorheological parameters in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). For the in vitro study blood from 24 patients admitted with chest pains (mean age: 49 +/- 11 yrs) was sampled after admission and in AMI cases (15 patients, mean(More)
A comparison was made of the clinical manifestations and diagnostic criteria of coronary artery disease in black and nonblack patients in the cohort of participants in the Beta Blocker Heart Attack Trial (BHAT). Although diagnostic criteria were uniform for all potential participants in the trial, examination of the baseline data indicates that black(More)