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Previous studies have suggested that CCR4 is particularly important in the selective recruitment of various subsets of leucocytes in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In this study, we examined the percentage of CD4(+)/CCR4(+) T cells within circulating lymphocytes in active ankylosing spondylitis (AS), RA and SLE patients.(More)
Vpr is an HIV-1 auxiliary regulatory protein packaged in the virion. It has been shown to enhance the nuclear transport of the HIV-1 pre-integration complex, activate transcription of cellular and viral promoters, and arrest the cell cycle at the G2/M check-point. We previously identified a cellular protein of 180 kDa (RIP) that interacted with HIV-1 Vpr(More)
By animal-to-animal passage of simian/human immunodeficiency virus (SHIV) in pig-tailed macaques, we have developed a macaque model of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) disease in humans. Passaging was begun with a chimeric virus containing the env gene of HIV-1 HXBc2 and the gag and pol genes of simian immunodeficiency virus SIVmac239. SHIV was(More)
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a result of replication of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) predominantly in CD4+ T lymphocytes and macrophages. However, most of these cells in vivo are immunologically quiescent, a condition restricting HIV-1 replication. Vpr is an HIV-1 virion protein suspected to enhance HIV-1 replication in(More)
vpr is an accessory gene of human immunodeficiency virus I (HIV-I). Although unnecessary for viral replication in T cell lines, growing evidence suggests that it is essential for virus replication in monocytes/macrophages and for replication in vivo. We expressed HIV-I vpr in Escherichia coli and purified Vpr by affinity chromatography. In a coprecipitation(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 (HIV-1) genome encodes a 15-kDa accessory gene product, Vpr, that is essential for virus replication in primary monocytes/macrophages. Being present in the virion, Vpr is believed to function in the early phases of HIV-1 replication, including nuclear migration of the pre-integration complex and/or transcription of(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) viral protein R (Vpr) is a 15kDa regulatory protein packaged in the HIV-1 virion. Although the molecular mechanism of Vpr function during viral replication remains elusive, Vpr has been found to possess interesting biological activities, including cell-cycle arrest at the G2/M check point, promotion of the HIV-1(More)
The experiments in this paper were designed to examine the therapeutic effects of adenoviral-mediated gene transfer of IFN-gamma into a mouse model of an established metastatic brain tumor. Temperature-sensitive replication-defective adenovirus was generated for gene transfer of IFN-gamma (AdIFN) and beta-galactosidase (AdBGAL) cDNAs in vivo. In this model,(More)
OBJECTIVE Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major pathogenic factor of liver diseases. During HCV infection, interaction of the envelope protein E2 of the virion, with target cells, is a crucial process for viral penetration into the cell and its propagation. We speculate that such interaction may trigger early signalling events required for HCV infection. (More)