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In a long term clinical trial to evaluate a new treatment, quite often each study subject may experience a number of 'failures' that correspond to repeated occurrences of the same type of event or events of entirely different natures during his/her follow-up period. To obtain efficient inference procedures for the therapeutic effect over time, it is… (More)

We present methods for the analysis of a K-variate binary measure for two independent groups where some observations may be incomplete, as in the case of K repeated measures in a comparative trial. For the K 2 X 2 tables, let theta = (theta 1,..., theta K) be a vector of association parameters where theta k is a measure of association that is a continuous… (More)

In this article we review the important statistical properties of the urn randomization (design) for assigning patients to treatment groups in a clinical trial. The urn design is the most widely studied member of the family of adaptive biased-coin designs. Such designs are a compromise between designs that yield perfect balance in treatment assignments and… (More)

The statistical properties of simple (complete) randomization, permuted-block (or simply blocked) randomization, and the urn adaptive biased-coin randomization are summarized. These procedures are contrasted to covariate adaptive procedures such as minimization and to response adaptive procedures such as the play-the-winner rule. General recommendations are… (More)

To estimate an overall treatment difference with data from a randomized comparative clinical study, baseline covariates are often utilized to increase the estimation precision. Using the standard analysis of covariance technique for making inferences about such an average treatment difference may not be appropriate, especially when the fitted model is… (More)

Suppose that subjects are observed repeatedly over a common set of time points with possibly time-dependent covariates and possibly missing observations. At each time point we model the marginal distribution of the response variable and the effect of the covariates on that distribution using a class of quasi-likelihood models studied in McCullagh and… (More)

In comparing the effectiveness of two treatments, suppose that nondecreasing repeated measurements of the same characteristic are scheduled to be taken over a common set of time points for each study subject. A class of univariate one-sided global asymptotically distribution-free tests is proposed to test the equality of the two treatments. The test… (More)

- Yuhyun Park, Sean R. Downing, Dohyun Kim, William C. Hahn, Cheng Li, Philip W. Kantoff +1 other
- Bioinformatics
- 2007

MOTIVATION
Analysis of high-throughput proteomic/genomic data, in particular, surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF MS) data and microarray data, has led to a multitude of techniques aimed at identifying potential biomarkers. Most of the statistical techniques for comparing two groups are based on… (More)

Group sequential designs are often used in clinical trials to evaluate efficacy and/or futility. Many methods have been developed for different types of endpoints and scenarios. However, few of these methods convey information regarding effect sizes (e.g., treatment differences) and none uses prediction to convey information regarding potential effect size… (More)

- L. J. WEI
- 2007

SUMMARY Under a general regression setting, we propose an optimal unconditional prediction procedure for future responses. The resulting prediction intervals or regions have a desirable average coverage level over a set of covariate vectors of interest. When the working model is not correctly specified, the traditional conditional prediction method is… (More)