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OBJECTIVE To determine whether isosorbide-5-mononitrate (IS-5-MN), an active metabolite of isosorbide dinitrate, when given twice daily (in the morning and 7 hours later), prevents development of tolerance and reduction in exercise performance or is associated with a rebound increase in anginal attacks in patients with stable angina pectoris. DESIGN(More)
Evaluation of patients with multivessel coronary disease for percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty raises the question: Is incomplete revascularization an acceptable procedure in these patients, or does complete revascularization need to be performed, as in coronary artery bypass grafting? To provide an answer the present study utilized exercise(More)
Ambulatory radionuclide monitoring of left ventricular function was performed with the nuclear Vest device in 35 patients early after acute myocardial infarction. Patients were evaluated during post-infarction treadmill, other activities that included mental stress and cold pressor challenge, and with stress thallium imaging and cardiac catheterization. Of(More)
We undertook a double-blind, placebo-controlled study to determine the effectiveness of verapamil hydrochloride for the prophylaxis of migraine. Twelve patients were given either verapamil hydrochloride, 80 mg four times daily, or placebo in random order during two consecutive three-month periods. Migraine frequency, severity, and duration were quantified(More)
BACKGROUND RheothRx (poloxamer 188) is a surfactant with hemorheological and antithrombotic properties that reduces myocardial reperfusion injury in animal models of myocardial infarction. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of adjunctive therapy with poloxamer 188 in patients receiving thrombolytic therapy for acute(More)
Adenosine is an endogenously produced compound that has significant effects as a coronary and systemic vasodilator. Previous studies suggest that intravenous infusion of adenosine, coupled with thallium-201 scintigraphy, may have specific value as a noninvasive means of evaluating coronary artery disease. The purpose of this study was to compare the(More)
Beta-adrenergic blockade using intravenous propranolol was evaluated as a countermeasure for bedrest-induced cardiovascular deconditioning. After propranolol administration, tolerance to a maximal lower body negative pressure (LBNP) test after bed rest improved to at least the -70 mm Hg level; following this, there was a sharp decrease in tolerance time.(More)
The predictive accuracy of thallium imaging for the diagnosis of restenosis after angioplasty was evaluated in 121 patients who had undergone a successful procedure. Patients were evaluated three times over a 1 year follow-up period for symptoms, electrocardiographic (ECG) changes during exercise and the presence of reversible ischemia on exercise thallium(More)
Forty patients with unstable angina were randomized to therapy with intravenous nitroglycerin (NTG) or nitroprusside (NTP). Invasive hemodynamic measurements were compared in both treatment groups and were used in concert with serial radionuclide monitoring of left ventricular function as patients were titrated to a therapeutic dose. Of the 22 patients(More)