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STUDY DESIGN A prospective, observational study. OBJECTIVES To identify outcome predictors of surgery for degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis is the most frequent indication for spine surgery in the elderly. More than 25% of surgical patients have a poor outcome, yet little is known about(More)
This study examined the role of facet joint morphology in the etiology of both degenerative spondylolisthesis and isthmic spondylolysis. To this end, the axial facet joint morphology of the lower lumbar spine in a normal population and in populations of patients with spinal stenosis or degenerative spondylolisthesis at L4-5 and in patients with isthmic(More)
In each of eight thoracolumbar human cadaveric vertebrae, a hole was made through one pedicle into the vertebral body with a drill bit and through the contralateral pedicle with a probe. Identical metal screws were implanted into the holes to equal depths, and maximum pull-out force was determined for each screw. Using a paired Student t test, no(More)
DESIGN A prospective, multicenter observational study. OBJECTIVES 1) Identify correlates of the decision to perform arthrodesis in patients undergoing laminectomy for lumbar spinal stenosis. 2) Compare symptoms, walking capacity, and satisfaction 6 and 24 months after laminectomy alone and laminectomy with noninstrumented and with instrumented(More)
Anatomic variations exist in the facet joint orientation, shape, and size at L4-5. This morphology is further modified by degenerative changes in spinal stenosis and degenerative spondylolisthesis. This study explored the morphologic alteration of "pedicle-to-pedicle" decompression on the facet joints in normal patients, spinal stenosis patients, and(More)
In the diagnosis of low back pain, the presence of a high percentage of false positive findings on radiologic imaging studies has lead to a more definitive role for electrodiagnosis as a confirmatory test. The paraspinal muscles are a crucial part of the electrodiagnostic examination for radiculopathy. To date, no technique for paraspinal evaluation has(More)
Twenty-nine patients between 14 and 20 years of age underwent surgical treatment for intervertebral disc herniation over a 10-year period. Trauma was a significant factor in 59%. Back pain was a major complaint in all cases, and all but one had significant sciatic distress. Typical painful, restricted forward flexion was found in 22 cases. All patients had(More)
STUDY DESIGN Measurements were made on transverse-plan, computed tomography scans from three different patient groups. OBJECTIVE To describe the correlation between two previously described pedicle screw entry points to the pedicle axis and the predicted frequency of pedicle breakthrough from the use of a 6.5-mm screw placed parallel to the pedicle axis.(More)