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Biotechnology and pharmaceutical research have created a number of new and potentially life-saving drugs. Many of these drugs are formulated as injectable products. Some drug products do not survive autoclaving or other means of terminal sterilization. An aseptic filling process is typically used to sterilize such products, but it is less reliable than(More)
Aseptic-filling processes are often used with fragile parenteral products that might be destroyed by terminal autoclaving. However, aseptic filling is not as effective as autoclaving in reducing contamination. As a result, time-consuming microbiological methods and turbidimetry are employed currently as product inspection techniques, but these processes can(More)
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