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Aspartame (APM) is a dipeptide sweetener (L-aspartyl-L-phenylalanine methyl ester). It has been suggested that excessive use of the product might elevate plasma aspartate and phenylalanine concentrations. Eight normal adults (four male, four female) ingested three successive 12-oz servings of APM-sweetened beverage at two-hour intervals. The study was(More)
Six adults heterozygous for phenylketonuria (PKU) ingested eight successive servings of unsweetened and aspartame (APM)-sweetened beverage at 1-hour intervals in a randomized, balanced, crossover design. In one part, the eight beverage servings were not sweetened. In the other, each of the eight beverage servings provided 600 mg of APM, a dose equivalent to(More)
Total mercury concentration was measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometry in 100 maternal-umbilical cord blood pairs, 39 placentae, and 32 breast milk samples, all from patients at the University of Iowa Hospitals. The mean maternal and cord blood levels were 1.01 and 1.24 parts per billion (ppb), respectively. Though the difference between maternal(More)
This report constitutes a safety assessment of polylactide (PLA), a polymer of lactic acid intended for use in fabricating various food-contact articles. Migration studies were conducted on samples of the polymer following guidelines issued by the Food and Drug Administration. Potential migrants from PLA include lactic acid, lactide (the monomer), and(More)
This review evaluates scientific data associated with the possibility that trans fatty acids compromise fetal and infant early development. Concerns have been triggered by research that has heightened our awareness of the importance of n-3 and n-6 fatty acids; shown that trans fatty acids inhibit delta6 desaturation of linoleic acid; identified trans fatty(More)
Plasma amino acid concentrations were measured and selected amino acid ratios were calculated in 12 normal adults and 12 adults heterozygous for phenylketonuria (PKU) ingesting a hamburger and milk shake meal providing 1 g protein/kg body wt. Plasma concentrations of all amino acids increased significantly over baseline after meal ingestion in both groups,(More)
Blood methanol concentrations were measured in 30 normal adult subjects administered aspartame, a dipeptide methyl ester. The doses studied included the 99th percentile of projected daily ingestion (34 mg/kg body weight) and three doses considered to be in the abuse range (100, 150, and 200 mg/kg body weight). Methanol concentrations were below the level of(More)