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Magnetic vortices are characterized by the sense of in-plane magnetization circulation and by the polarity of the vortex core. With each having two possible states, there are four possible stable magnetization configurations that can be utilized for a multibit memory cell. Dynamic control of vortex core polarity has been demonstrated using both alternating(More)
In organized tissues, the precise geometry and the overall shape are critical for the specialized functions that the cells carry out. Odontoblasts are major matrix-producing cells of the tooth and have also been suggested to participate in sensory transmission. However, refined morphologic data on these important cells are limited, which hampers the(More)
Xe plasma FIB offers the milling rate at least 50 times higher than common Ga FIB. This makes many failure analysis tasks much faster, or the analysed volume might increase, while keeping the analysis time. 3D tomography by FIB-SEM takes advantage of this; results at the increased volume are demonstrated. The solder bump with the diameter of 100 pm was(More)
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