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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Periodontitis is influenced by specific host-dependent immune responses. Periodontopathogens induce innate immune responses, amongst others, via toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2), resulting in activation of the nuclear transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB). The aim of this case-control study was to evaluate links between(More)
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), such as human beta-defensin-2 (hBD-2) and the CC-chemokine ligand 20 (CCL20), exhibit direct microbicidal effects and mediator-like activity. It was hypothesized that wounding induces the expression of AMPs and pro-inflammatory mediators and that endogenous mediators, such as insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and(More)
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