L. Heyndrickx

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Definition of antibody (Ab) functions capable of preventing mucosal HIV transmission may be critical to both effective vaccine development and the prophylactic use of monoclonal Abs. Although direct antibody-mediated neutralization is highly effective against cell-free virus, increasing evidence suggests an important role for immunoglobulin G (IgG) Fcγ(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe trends in the prevalence of HIV-1 infection in different populations in Gabon, and the molecular characteristics of circulating HIV strains. METHODS Data were collected on HIV prevalence through sentinel surveillance surveys in different populations in Libreville (the capital) and in Franceville. In Libreville, a total of 7082(More)
An enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIVcpz/SIVmnd) antigens was designed using immunoreagents from naturally infected individuals, and compared to the commercially available Vironostika HIV-1 Antigen Microelisa System (Organon Teknika). The in-house(More)
For reliable classification of HIV-1 strains appropriate reference sequences are needed. The HIV-1 genetic subtype F has a wide geographic spread, causing significant epidemics in South America, Africa, and some regions of Europe. Previously only two full-length sequences of each of the HIV-1 subtype F subclusters F1 and F2 have been described. To extend(More)
The genetic diversity of the envelope glycoprotein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) isolates was studied. HIV-1 isolates were obtained from eight countries in Africa: Djibouti, Gabon, Kenya, Senegal, Somalia, Uganda, Zaire, and Zambia. The DNA sequences encoding the complete HIV-1 envelope protein were PCR amplified and sequenced. Phylogenetic(More)
The relationship between the genetic variability in the V3 loop and the biological characteristics of 38 biological clones from 5 European and 7 African HIV-1 isolates belonging to 3 different subtypes (subtype A, B, and D) was investigated. Seventeen of 19 clones displaying a syncytium-inducing (SI) capacity had a positively charged amino acid located at(More)
We evaluated the use of the INNO-LIA HIV-1/HIV-2 Ab test (LIA HIV; Innogenetics) for the confirmation of antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and type 2 (HIV-2). The test includes three recombinant HIV-1 proteins: p24 (gag), p17 (gag), and endonuclease (p31; pol), in combination with two synthetic peptides derived from the env gene of(More)
We developed a heteroduplex mobility assay in the gag gene (gag HMA) for the identification of group M subtypes A to H. The assay covers the region coding for amino acid 132 of p24 to amino acid 20 of p7 (according to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 [HIV-1] ELI, 460 bp). The gag HMA was compared with sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of an evaluation(More)
An unusual human retrovirus was isolated from two patients with persistent generalized lymphadenopathy who originate from West-Central Africa and are currently residing in Belgium. Although the virus shared a number of the same biological and morphological properties as human immunodeficiency retrovirus type 1 (HIV-1) and HIV-2, significant antigenic(More)