Learn More
O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) is a ubiquitous protein responsible for repair of O6-alkylguanine, a mutagenic, carcinogenic and toxic lesion. To characterize the elements responsible for the regulation of the MGMT gene, a 2.6 kb Sstl fragment isolated from a genomic clone, was shown to contain 5' flanking sequences of the gene. The promoter(More)
MDM2 has been characterized as a protein that binds to and facilitates degradation of the tumor suppressor p53. Interestingly, more than 40 different splice variants of MDM2 transcripts have been identified both in tumors and normal tissues, and the majority of these variants do not contain sequence encoding the p53 binding site. This review describes the(More)
Self-renewal is considered as a common property of stem cells. Dysregulation of stem cell self-renewal is likely a requirement for the development of cancer. Hiwi, the human Piwi gene, encodes a protein responsible for stem cell self-renewal. In this study, we investigated the expression of Hiwi at the RNA level by real-time quantitative PCR in 65 primary(More)
Cancer stem cells can play an important role in tumorigenesis and tumor progression. However, it is still difficult to detect and isolate cancer stem cells. An alternative approach is to analyse stem cell-associated gene expression. We investigated the coexpression of three stem cell-associated genes, Hiwi, hTERT and survivin, by quantitative real-time-PCR(More)
Transcriptional silencing of the DNA repair gene, O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) in a proportion of transformed cell lines is associated with methylated CpG hotspots in the MGMT 5' flank. The goal of the study was to evaluate the mechanism by which CpG methylation of theMGMT promoter region influenced silencing of the gene. Analysis of(More)
Irinotecan, 7-ethyl-10-[4-(1-piperidino)-1-piperidino]carbonyloxycamptothecin (CPT-11) is activated by carboxylesterases (CE) to yield the potent topoisomerase I inhibitor, SN-38. We have demonstrated previously that a rabbit liver CE is approximately 100-1000-fold more efficient at drug activation than a highly homologous human CE. In an attempt to use(More)
BACKGROUND The p53 tumor suppressor gene is the most commonly mutated gene in human cancer, and mutations arise in a wide variety of tumor types. Wild-type p53 functions as a regulator of apoptosis, so mutations in the p53 gene are generally associated with aggressive tumors and a poor prognosis. PROCEDURE We have investigated the p53 mutation and MDM2(More)
MDM2 is the predominant negative regulator of p53 that functions to maintain the appropriate level of expression and activity of this central tumor suppressor. Mdm2-a is a commonly identified splice variant of Mdm2; however, its physiological function is unclear. To gain insight into the activity of MDM2-A and its potential impact on p53, an Mdm2-a(More)
MDM2-A is a common splice variant of murine double minute 2 (MDM2) that is frequently detected in many tumor types. Our previous work has characterized MDM2-A as an activator of p53, and therefore, in a wild-type p53 background, this splice variant would be predicted to confer p53-dependent tumor protection. To test this hypothesis, we used Mdm2-a(More)
MDM2 is an oncoprotein best characterized for its role in the inactivation and degradation of the p53 tumor suppressor. However, MDM2 has many other binding partners and its p53-independent role in the regulation of cell growth and survival appears to be extremely complex. This report describes the expression of MDM2 in two rhabdomyosarcoma cell lines, both(More)