L. Harris

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O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) is a ubiquitous protein responsible for repair of O6-alkylguanine, a mutagenic, carcinogenic and toxic lesion. To characterize the elements responsible for the regulation of the MGMT gene, a 2.6 kb Sstl fragment isolated from a genomic clone, was shown to contain 5' flanking sequences of the gene. The promoter(More)
High-level expression of the DNA repair protein O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) correlates with cellular resistance to the chloroethylnitrosourea (CENU) class of alkylating agents. Consequently, tumors expressing low levels of MGMT are sensitive to CENU chemotherapy, and any mechanism that can be used to reduce MGMT levels could sensitize(More)
Irinotecan, 7-ethyl-10-[4-(1-piperidino)-1-piperidino]carbonyloxycamptothecin (CPT-11) is activated by carboxylesterases (CE) to yield the potent topoisomerase I inhibitor, SN-38. We have demonstrated previously that a rabbit liver CE is approximately 100-1000-fold more efficient at drug activation than a highly homologous human CE. In an attempt to use(More)
Transcriptional silencing of the DNA repair gene, O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) in a proportion of transformed cell lines is associated with methylated CpG hotspots in the MGMT 5' flank. The goal of the study was to evaluate the mechanism by which CpG methylation of theMGMT promoter region influenced silencing of the gene. Analysis of(More)
V79 Chinese hamster cells expressing either the O6-alkylguanine-DNA-alkyltransferase (ATase) encoded by the E. coli ogt gene or a truncated version of the E. coli ada gene have been exposed to various alkylnitrosoureas to investigate the contribution of ATase repairable lesions to the toxicity of these compounds. Both ATases are able to repair(More)
Autologous stem cell transplantation is used to rescue cancer patients from myelosuppression caused by high-dose chemotherapy. However, autologous grafts often contain tumor cells that can contribute directly to relapse. Current purging methods are useful when fewer than 1% tumor cells contaminate the bone marrow, and patients with tumor burdens of >1% are(More)
One of the advantages of viral-directed enzyme prodrug therapy (VDEPT) is its potential for tumor-specific cytotoxicity. However, the viruses used to deliver cDNAs encoding prodrug-activating enzymes transduce normal cells as well as tumor cells, and several approaches to achieve tumor-specific expression of the delivered cDNAs are being investigated. One(More)
MDM2-A is a common splice variant of murine double minute 2 (MDM2) that is frequently detected in many tumor types. Our previous work has characterized MDM2-A as an activator of p53, and therefore, in a wild-type p53 background, this splice variant would be predicted to confer p53-dependent tumor protection. To test this hypothesis, we used Mdm2-a(More)
Transcriptional silencing of the DNA repair gene, O 6-methyl-guanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) in a proportion of transformed cell lines is associated with methylated CpG hotspots in the MGMT 5V flank. The goal of the study was to evaluate the mechanism by which CpG methylation of the MGMT promoter region influenced silencing of the gene. Analysis of(More)
Tumor cells that contaminate hematopoietic cell preparations contribute to the relapse of neuroblastoma patients who receive autologous stem cell rescue as a component of therapy. Therefore, effective purging methods are needed. This study details in vitro experiments to develop a viral-directed enzyme prodrug purging method that specifically targets(More)