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The rice Xa21 gene, which confers resistance to Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae race 6, was isolated by positional cloning. Fifty transgenic rice plants carrying the cloned Xa21 gene display high levels of resistance to the pathogen. The sequence of the predicted protein, which carries both a leucine-rich repeat motif and a serine-threonine kinase-like(More)
A cDNA molecule encoding the human GABA transporter was synthesized by means of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique and used as probe for selecting a human genomic DNA fragment encoding GABA transporter. A positive clone harboring the whole gene was obtained from a human lymphocyte genomic library through utilizing the genomic 'walking' technique. The(More)
In the following respects, tooth enamel is a unique tissue in the mammalian body: (a) it is the most mineralized and hardest tissue in it comprising up to 95 wt% of apatite; (b) its microstructure is dominated by parallel rods composed of bundles of 40-60 nm wide apatite crystals with aspect ratios reaching up to 1:10,000 and (c) not only does the protein(More)
This discussion paper is/has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP if available. Abstract In urban area of Guangzhou, an experiment was conducted at the monitoring site of SCIES in order to recognize the impact of relative humidity (RH) and particles size distribution(More)
Disrupting particular mitochondrial fission and fusion proteins leads to the death of specific neuronal populations; however, the normal functions of mitochondrial fission in neurons are poorly understood, especially in vivo, which limits the understanding of mitochondrial changes in disease. Altered activity of the central mitochondrial fission protein(More)
Calmodulin (CaM) is a highly conserved calcium sensor protein associated with chilling tolerance in living organisms. It has four EF-hand domains for binding of four Ca2+, two of them located in the N-terminus, and the other two in the C-terminus. A notothenioid CaM gene fragment (CaMm), which only codes for N-terminus of CaM (with two EF-hand domains), was(More)
The effect of neurotensin (NT) on the release of endogenous dopamine (DA) of rat striatal synaptosomes was studied. In the basic medium with Ca++ (5mM K+ and 1.2 mM Ca++), spontaneous release of DA was determined to be 12.03 +/- 1.12 pmol/mg protein, while in the Ca++-free basic medium containing EGTA (2.0 mM), the amount of DA released was still up to 11.2(More)
The hardest tooth enamel tissue develops from a soft layer of protein-rich matrix, predominated by amelogenin that is secreted by epithelial ameloblasts in the secretory stage of tooth enamel development. During enamel formation, a well-controlled progressive removal of matrix proteins by resident proteases, Matrix metalloproteinase 20 (MMP20), and(More)
Enamel, the outermost layer of teeth, is an acellular mineralized tissue that cannot regenerate; the mature tissue is composed of high aspect ratio apatite nanocrystals organized into rods and inter-rod regions. Amelogenin constitutes 90% of the protein matrix in developing enamel and plays a central role in guiding the hierarchical organization of apatite(More)
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