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The rice Xa21 gene, which confers resistance to Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae race 6, was isolated by positional cloning. Fifty transgenic rice plants carrying the cloned Xa21 gene display high levels of resistance to the pathogen. The sequence of the predicted protein, which carries both a leucine-rich repeat motif and a serine-threonine kinase-like(More)
 The inheritance of grain quality is more complicated than that of other agronomic traits in cereals due to epistasis, maternal and cytoplasmic effects, and the triploid nature of endosperm. In the present study, an established rice DH population derived from anther culture of an indica/japonica hybrid was used for genetic analysis of rice grain quality. A(More)
Rice sheath blight, caused by Rhizoctonia solani Kühn, is one of the three major diseases of rice. The present study was conducted with an F2 clonal population of Jasmine 85/Lemont. The F2 population, including 128 clonal families, was inoculated by short toothpicks incubated with a strain, RH-9 of the fungus. Based on field disease evaluations in 2 years(More)
Dysregulated expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) is associated with a variety of diseases, including colorectal cancer. By comparing more than 200 miRNAs in 13 pairs of matched colorectal cancer and normal adjacent tissue samples through qRT-PCR and microarray analysis, we found a widespread disruption of miRNA expression during colorectal tumorigenesis. In(More)
Peroxynitrite (ONOO-), the reaction product of superoxide (O2-) and nitric oxide (NO), may be a major cytotoxic agent produced during inflammation, sepsis, and ischemia/reperfusion. Bovine Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase reacted with peroxynitrite to form a stable yellow protein-bound adduct identified as nitrotyrosine. The uv-visible spectrum of the(More)
The production of exoenzyme S is correlated with the ability of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to disseminate from epithelial colonization sites and cause a fatal sepsis in burn injury and acute lung infection models. Exoenzyme S is purified from culture supernatants as a non-covalent aggregate of two polypeptides, ExoS and ExoT. ExoS and ExoT are encoded by(More)
Peroxynitrite formation by rat alveolar macrophages activated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate was assayed by the Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase-catalyzed nitration of 4-hydroxyphenylacetate. The inhibitor of nitric oxide synthesis N-methyl-L-arginine prevented the Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase-catalyzed nitration of 4-hydroxyphenylacetate by stimulated(More)
A set of 224 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from a narrow cross between two fresh eaten types (S94 (Northern China type) × S06 (Northern European type)) (Cucumis sativus L.) was used to construct a genetic linkage map. With the RILs a 257-point genetic map was constructed including 206 SRAPs, 22 SSRs, 25 SCARs, 1 STS, and three economically(More)
The insulin signaling pathway is activated by tyrosine phosphorylation of the insulin receptor and key post-receptor substrate proteins and balanced by the action of specific protein-tyrosine phosphatases (PTPases). PTPase activity, in turn, is highly regulated in vivo by oxidation/reduction reactions involving the cysteine thiol moiety required for(More)
In a variety of cell types, insulin stimulation elicits the rapid production of H(2)O(2), which causes the oxidative inhibition of protein-tyrosine phosphatases and enhances the tyrosine phosphorylation of proteins in the early insulin action cascade (Mahadev, K., Zilbering, A., Zhu, L., and Goldstein, B. J. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276, 21938-21942). In the(More)