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Although sublethal dosages of insecticide to nontarget insects have never been an important issue, they are attracting more and more attention lately. It has been demonstrated that low dosages of the neonicotinoid insecticide imidacloprid may affect honey bee, Apis mellifera L., behavior. In this article, the foraging behavior of the honey bee workers was(More)
Brain edema caused by glutamate excitotoxicity was studied in well oxygenated neonatal cerebrocortical brain slices (350 mu thick). Slices exposed to 60 minutes of 2 mM glutamate, with or without glutamate antagonists (dizocilpine, kynurenate, or NBQX), were allowed to recover for 60 minutes. The protocol was identical to that in noninvasive multinuclear(More)
The time-course of changes in extracellular glutamate and energy metabolism during 30 or 60 min of complete cerebral ischemia and 60-90 min of reperfusion was investigated by microdialysis and magnetic resonance spectroscopy in parallel groups of rats. During the first 10 min of ischemia, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) was completely depleted, and lactate(More)
An experimental protocol for the quantitation of lactate is demonstrated for in vivo 1H NMR surface coil spectroscopy. The in vivo lactate concentration can be calculated by comparing the in vivo and in vitro ratios of lactate and N-acetylaspartate (NAA) NMR signals. With this protocol, approximately 25% of lactate present in the hypoxic or ischemic rat(More)
The objectives of this study were to quantitatively verify the low levels of citrate previously observed in primary human prostatic adenocarcinomas and to determine whether citrate was further reduced in metastatic prostatic cancer. This was accomplished by comparison of citrate concentrations of DU 145 xenografts (a poorly differentiated human prostatic(More)
The severity and rapidity of acute, glutamate-induced energy failure were compared in live cerebral cortical slices. In each experiment 80 live cerebral cortical slices (350 microns thick) were obtained from neonatal Sprague-Dawley rats, suspended and perfused in a nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) tube, and studied at 4.7 T with interleaved 31P/1H NMR(More)
A series of perfused cell 31P MRS studies were conducted using a well established human prostate adenocarcinoma cell line (DU 145) at different phases of growth, and exposed to varying glucose concentrations during growth. The spectral characteristics of perfused DU 145 cells were compared with the same cells grown in nude mice (xenografts). Perfused DU 145(More)
To record brain temperature for comparison with rectal and temporalis muscle temperatures in preliminary studies before MR spectroscopy experiments, a thermistor was inserted into the basal ganglia in eight anesthetized, ventilated, and physiologically monitored rats. The rats were placed in an MR spectrometer and subjected to 60 min of global cerebral(More)
Metabolic tolerance of low intracellular pH (pH(i)) was studied in well-oxygenated, perfused, neonatal, rat cerebrocortical brain slices (350 microns thick) by inducing severe hypercapnia. In each of 17 separate experiments 80 brain slices (approximately 3.2 g wet weight) were suspended in an NMR tube, perfused with artificial CSF (ACSF), and studied at 4.7(More)