Learn More
A growing number of small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) are intron-encoded, contain the characteristic box C (UGAUGA) and box D (CUGA) motifs and exhibit long complementarities to conserved sequences in mature rRNAs. We have identified nine additional members of this family, U32 to U40. All but one are encoded in introns of ribosomal protein genes in(More)
Through a computer search of the genome of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the coding sequences of seven different box C/D antisense small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) with the structural hallmarks of guides for rRNA ribose methylation have been detected clustered over a 1.4-kb tract in an inter-open reading frame region of chromosome XIII. The(More)
Acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) is characterized by the accumulation of abnormal myeloblasts (mainly granulocyte or monocyte precursors) in the bone marrow and blood. Though great progress has been made for improvement in clinical treatment during the past decades, only minority with AML achieve long-term survival. Therefore, further understanding(More)
Using a rapid rRNA sequencing technique, we have determined the sequence of the 400 nucleotides located at the 5' end of the large subunit rRNA molecule from eight species of unicellular eukaryotes (protists). This region contains a pair of conservative domains well-suited for long-range phylogenetic evaluations among eukaryotes, due both to their(More)
Ten novel small nucleolar RNA (snoRNA) gene clusters, consisting of two or three snoRNA genes, respectively, were identified from Arabidopsis thaliana. Twelve of the 25 snoRNA genes in these clusters are homologous to those of yeast and mammals according to the conserved antisense sequences that guide 2'-O-ribose methylation of rRNA. The remaining 13 snoRNA(More)
Following computer searches of sequence banks, we have positively identified a novel intronic snoRNA, U24, encoded in the ribosomal protein L7a gene in humans and chicken. Like previously reported intronic snoRNAs, U24 is devoid of a 5'-trimethyl-cap. U24 is immunoprecipitated by an antifibrillarin antibody and displays an exclusively nucleolar localization(More)
The microRNA-371-373 (miR-371-373) cluster is specifically expressed in human embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and is thought to be involved in stem cell maintenance. Recently, microRNAs (miRNAs) of this cluster were shown to be frequently upregulated in several human tumors. However, the regulatory mechanism for the involvement of the miR-371-373 cluster in(More)
The nucleotide sequence of the 5' ends of the 28S-like rRNA molecules of five species of helminths was determined directly, using a variation on the dideoxynucleotide chain-termination method which requires only 10 micrograms of total cellular RNA for analysis. Nucleotide sequence comparisons over 208 bases allowed the phylogeny of these organisms to be(More)
During evolution, the potential for sequence (and length) variation of large-subunit rRNA has been mostly restricted over 12 divergent domains (termed D1-D12) interspersed along the molecule. Here, we have focused our attention onto the D3 divergent domain, through a detailed analysis of its pattern of variation in the phylogeny, both in terms of primary(More)
This paper summarizes the present status of an analysis of protist phylogeny using rapid partial sequencing of 28S rRNA. Data from 12 protistan phyla are now available and have been used to construct a tentative dendrogram based on a distance matrix method. The tree is robust and has considerable internal consistency. The following salient points are(More)