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Previous studies suggest that the core protein of hepatitis C virus (HCV) has a pleiotropic function in the replication cycle of the virus. To understand the role of this protein in HCV pathogenesis, we used a yeast two-hybrid protein interaction cloning system to search for cellular proteins physically interacting with the HCV core protein. One such(More)
To assess the RNA helicase activity of hepatitis C virus (HCV) nonstructural protein 3 (NS3), a polypeptide encompassing amino acids 1175 to 1657, which cover only the putative helicase domain, was expressed in Escherichia coli by a pET expression vector. The protein was purified to near homogeneity and assayed for RNA helicase activity in vitro with(More)
The carboxyl terminus of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) nonstructural protein 3 (NS3) possesses ATP-dependent RNA helicase activity. Based on the conserved sequence motifs and the crystal structures of the helicase domain, 17 mutants of the HCV NS3 helicase were generated. The ATP hydrolysis, RNA binding, and RNA unwinding activities of the mutant proteins(More)
To enhance the inhibitory potential of 1-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-1,2,4-triazole-3-carboxamide (ribavirin) vs hepatitis C virus (HCV) NTPase/helicase, ribavirin-5'-triphosphate (ribavirin-TP) was synthesized and investigated. Ribavirin-TP was prepared with the use of modified Yoshikawa-Ludwig-Mishra-Broom procedure (cf. Mishra & Broom, 1991, J. Chem. Soc.,(More)
The RNA-stimulated nucleoside triphosphatase (NTPase) and helicase of hepatitis C virus (HCV) consists of three domains with highly conserved NTP binding motifs located in the first domain. The ATP-binding domain was obtained by limited proteolysis of a greater fragment of the HCV polyprotein, and it was purified to homogenity by column chromatography. The(More)
Large delta antigen (L-HDAg) of hepatitis delta virus (HDV) and small-form hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) of helper hepatitis B virus have previously been shown to be the minimum components for the assembly of HDV-like particles in mammalian cells. Extending from this finding, we coexpressed L-HDAg and small HBsAg in Saccharomyces cerevisiae to study(More)
The 5' nontranslated region (NTR) of hepatitis C virus (HCV) consists of 341 nucleotides (nt). This region comprises the majority of the internal ribosome entry site (IRES) which controls the efficiency of viral translation. Previous studies of the 3' boundary of the HCV IRES yielded conflicting data regarding the involvement of viral coding sequences in(More)
To study perinatal transmission of hepatitis C virus (HCV), 15 anti-HCV-positive carrier mothers without human immunodeficiency virus coinfection were recruited. At delivery, maternal blood was taken and anti-HCV titer was determined and HCV RNA measured in each serum sample by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR). A competitive PCR was(More)
We employed the hypophysectomized rats as an animal model to explore the feasibility of using genetically engineered fibroblast cells for growth hormone gene therapy. An internal ribosome entry site (IRES)-directed bicistronic retroviral vector, PSN, which contained a porcine growth hormone (pGH) cDNA at the first cistron and a Neo(r) gene at the second(More)
BACKGROUNDS/AIMS Combination IFN-a and ribavirin therapy for hepatitis C virus-infected patients has been reported to improve the response rate up to 50%. In this study, we aimed to study further the role of ribavirin in hepatitis C virus-specific immune responses. METHODS We immunized mice with hepatitis C virus core protein with or without different(More)